Gordian


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Idioms, Wikipedia.

Gordian

(gôr`dēən), name of three Roman emperors. Gordian I (Marcus Antonius Gordianus Africanus), d. 238, was a Roman of great wealth and was colleague in the consulship with Caracalla and with Alexander Severus, who appointed him proconsul in Africa. After the usurpation of MaximinMaximin
(Caius Julius Verus Maximinus) , d. 238, Roman emperor (235–38). A rough Thracian soldier of great physical strength, he rose in the army, and when the soldiers revolted against Alexander Severus, they proclaimed Maximin emperor at Mainz.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (d. 238), a rebellion broke out in Africa over the unscrupulous behavior of one of Maximin's men, and Gordian at the age of 81 was made coemperor (238) with his son. They were recognized by the Roman senate. Soon afterward, however, Vitallianus, a partisan of Maximin, attacked them in Carthage. Gordian I committed suicide, ending a reign of only 22 days, after learning that his son and colleague, Gordian II, 192–238, had been killed in battle. The senate named two new emperors, Balbinus and Pupienus. Gordian II's son, Gordian III, c.223–244, was made caesar. Balbinus and Pupienus defeated and killed Maximin but were soon murdered by the Praetorian Guard, whereupon Gordian III became emperor (238–44). In 242, Gordian attacked the Persians in Mesopotamia. His forces inflicted several defeats on them, but his best general, his father-in-law Timesitheus, died. The troops became disorderly, and PhilipPhilip
or Philip the Arabian
(Marcus Julius Philippus), 204?–249, Roman emperor (244–49). He served under Gordian III against the Persians, instigated the assassination of the emperor, and concluded a peace with Persia.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (Philip the Arabian) had Gordian murdered.

Gordian

 

in ancient Rome:

Gordian I (Marcus Antonius Gordianus). Born A.D. 159; died 238, in Carthage. Emperor in 238. Descended from the family of the Gracchi. He was a praetor, consul (several times), and proconsul in several provinces of the Roman Empire. In 238, when he was proconsul of the province of Africa, at the time of the uprising of the local nobility against the Emperor Maximinus, Gordian was proclaimed emperor and confirmed by the Senate together with his son, Gordian II, as his co-regent. He reigned 36 days and hanged himself when hearing of his son’s death in battle.

Gordian II (Marcus Antonius Gordianus). Born 192; died 238. Emperor in 238, co-regent with his father. Gordian II was killed in the battle with Capellianus, the governor of Numidia.

Gordian III (Marcus Antonius Gordianus). Born 225; died 244. Emperor from 238; grandson of Gordian I. After the latter’s death the Senate proclaimed Gordian III emperor together with Pupienus and Balbinus. He was killed by the prefect of the praetorians, Philip the Arab, during a campaign against Persia. His biography was written by Julius Capitolinus (Russian translation, Vestnik Istorii, 1959, no. 1, pp. 227–39).

REFERENCE

Lehmann. K. F. Kaiser Gordian III: 238–244 nach Christus. Berlin, 1911.

E. M. SHTAERMAN

Gordian

knot inextricable difficulty; Alexander cut the original. [Gk. Hist.: Espy, 49]
References in periodicals archive ?
Owsley and Kaufman are widely acknowledged leaders in this field and are the senior partners at Gordian Group, a top-tier boutique investment banking firm headquartered in New York.
The Gordian Group is a provider of construction data, software and services that companies rely on to pursue efficient and effective construction planning, estimating and procurement.
It is, perhaps, the knife that will cut the Gordian Knot of the pending Cyprus problem," the President said, noting that this was something that all interlocutors understood at the UN, Europe and the United States and everywhere else it has been raised.
While offering the precision, pace and effectiveness for which Gordian services are reputed, BIDsafe raises project level competition among contractors, in states and federal agencies that permit prequalified contractor pools.
Patin is responsible for managing and expanding the success of Gordian Job Order Contracting products and services.
In Gordian Runoff, the Chief Justice after an extensive review of the cases and international commentary concluded that the decision in Oil Basins in requiring detailed reasons was wrong and that there is no requirement for an arbitrator to produce "a standard of reasons equivalent to those required of a judge at common law" 3.
9% of Chiquita's outstanding stock, revealed it has hired New York investment bank Gordian Group LP to explore a "possible business combination or other strategic transaction" with Chiquita.
With an additional office in Shanghai, China and its 40,000 square meter production facility under the name of Equal Good Textiles Chemical Fibre Products located in Shenzhen, China, Gordian has more than 15 years of experience in the nonwovens industry.
com's plot: It consists of a disconnected series of Clancyesque scenes, mostly involving a techno-industrialist named Roger Gordian and his arch-rival, Marcus Caine, who's a cross between Bill Gates and Lex Luthor but lacking the brainpower of either.
So I'll say it: If Dole somehow pulls it out, we could do worse than have a savvy bureaucrat with a deep sense of guilt for 15 years of public gridlock helping us untie the Gordian knots.
Do all the journalists who mentioned the Gordian knot know that?
Various theorists from Walter Benjamin to Rosalind Krauss have attempted to unravel the Gordian knot that links painting and photography; none has yet discovered Alexander's sword.