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(gôr`dēəs), in Greek mythology, king of Phrygia. An oracle had told the Phrygians that the king who would put an end to their troubles was approaching in an oxcart, and, thus, when Gordius, a peasant, appeared in his wagon, he was hailed king. In gratitude, Gordius dedicated his wagon to Zeus and attached the pole to the yoke with a knot that defied efforts to untie it. This was the Gordian knot. An oracle declared that he who untied it would become leader of all Asia. A later legend states that when Alexander the Great came to Phrygia, he severed the knot with one blow of his sword. Hence the saying, "to cut the Gordian knot," meaning to solve a perplexing problem with a single bold action.



legendary founder of the Phrygian kingdom. According to legend, Gordius, a plowman, was chosen as king in obedience to an oracle which decreed that the ruler be the first man whom the Phrygians saw in a cart. Once king, Gordius built the city of Gordium. He placed his cart in a temple as a gift to Zeus and tied the yoke to the pole with such a complex knot that no one could untie it. The oracle allegedly prophesied that he who could untie this “Gordian knot” would become ruler of the world. According to legend, Alexander the Great visited Gordium and at the suggestion that he untie the knot, severed it with his sword. Hence the expression “to untie the Gordian knot,” that is, to undertake a quick and daring solution to an intricate and complex problem.


Körte. G., and A. Körte. Gordian. Berlin. 1904.


References in periodicals archive ?
Discussion: The presence of long bristles at the posterior tip of the tail lobes has not been described from other species in the genus Gordius and is therefore regarded here as a new character.
Unpublished observations on several Gordius specimens with a superficially smooth cuticle show that the fine structure varies, but this is hardly documented.
Rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Gordionus violaceus und Gordius elongiporus n.
Horsehair worms (Nematomorpha) from the Baltic Island Bornholm (Denmark), with notes on the biology of Gordius albopunctatus.
A reevaluation of Gordius aquaticus difficilis Montgomery, 1898 (Nematomorpha, Gordioidea, Gordiidae).
Gordius robustus Leidy 1851 occurs throughout North America, including Mexico (Chandler, 1985; Camerano, 1915) and Hawaii (Montgomery, 1898a; Heinze, 1934).
Seasonal occurrence and observations on the life history of Gordius difficilis (Nematomorpha: Gordioidea) from Southeastern Wisconsin, USA.
Descrizione di una nuova specie di Gordius di Palmeira (Parna) raccolta dal dotter G.
The biology of Gordius robustus Leidy with a host list and summary of the public health importance of the Gordioidea.
New host and distribution record of Gordius difficilis (Nematomorpha: Gordioidea) from a vivid metallic ground beetle Chlaenius prasinus (Coleoptera: Carabidae) from western Nebraska, USA.
Revision von Gordius flavus Linstow 1906 und Gordius flavus G.
Arif Ali, a partner at Crowell & Moring LLP, predicts Gordius will be successful because of Wilson's ability to adapt to any environment and deliver quality results.