Brown, Gordon

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Brown, Gordon

(James Gordon Brown), 1951–, British politician. From 1975 to 1980 he taught at Edinburgh Univ. and Glasgow College of Technology; he then joined Scottish Television (1980–83) as a journalist. He ran unsuccessfully for Parliament in 1979 but won a seat in 1983. As a Labour partyLabour party,
British political party, one of the two dominant parties in Great Britain since World War I. Origins

The Labour party was founded in 1900 after several generations of preparatory trade union politics made possible by the Reform Bills of 1867 and 1884,
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 member (1983–97) under the Conservative government, he held major opposition posts on trade and economic affairs and, with Tony BlairBlair, Tony
(Anthony Charles Lynton Blair), 1953–, British politician, b. Edinburgh. An Oxford-educated lawyer, he was first elected to Parliament in 1983 as the Labour party candidate from a district in N England.
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, sought to modernize Labour and broaden its political appeal. A potential challenger for leadership of the party in 1994, he stepped aside in favor of Blair, and in 1997, after Labour's electoral victory, Brown became chancellor of the exchequer under Blair; his appointment to the post was widely believed to have been the result of a 1994 deal between Blair and Brown. One of Brown's early actions was to give the Bank of England the power to set short-term interest rates, a power previous Labour and Conservative governments had reserved for themselves. Brown also took a tough stance on government spending, earning a reputation as the "iron chancellor," and established economic criteria for Britain's adopting the euro that helped undermine the prime minister's push to do so. When Blair stepped down as Labour party leader and prime minister in June, 2007, Brown, who had become the longest serving chancellor in modern times, succeeded him in both offices. During the 2008 global financial crisis, Brown's government was the first to attempt to stabilize financial institutions by recapitalizing them with government money. The subsequent recession, however, and a parliamentary expenses scandal contributed to Labour's loss in the 2010 elections, and Brown resigned a prime minister and party leader. David CameronCameron, David William Duncan
, 1966–, British political leader, b. London. Educated at Eton and Oxford, he worked for the Conservative party's research department beginning in 1988, became an adviser to two high-ranking government ministers, and headed corporate
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, leading a Conservative–Liberal Democrat coalition, succeeded him as prime minister. In 2014 Brown's campaign for continued union and against Scottish independence was generally regarded as more influential than that of members of the British government. He retired from Parliament the following year. Brown has written several books, including a biography (1986) of the socialist parliamentarian James Maxton, Where There Is Greed: Margaret Thatcher and the Betrayal of Britain's Future (1989), and Fair is Efficient: A Socialist Agenda for Fairness (1994).
References in periodicals archive ?
JOHN W Gray's latest defence of Labour is that Gordon Brown was not, in any way, responsible for the effects on the country of the 2008 financial crisis.
REGARDING the letter by M Brady, a blinkered report on how innocent and blameless Gordon Brown was in the financial crash of 2010.
Trying hard to ignore politics HAVING spent the vast majority of my 70 years largely ignoring politicians and their usual meaningless drivel, earlier last week I accidentally overheard Gordon Brown, our former Prime Minister and the MP for Kirkcaldy in Scotland, talking down to William Hague, Leader of the House of Commons.
I TOTALLY agree with Kevin Maguire that Ed Miliband would do well to learn a lesson from Gordon Brown and get some fire in his belly.
ISLAMABAD -- Punjab Governor Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar Tuesday said the recent visit of special envoy to UN Secretary General, Gordon Brown to Pakistan would help achieve literacy targets set by Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif.
LAHORE -- Punjab Governor Chaudhry Muhammad Sarwar said on Sunday the recent visit of special envoy to UN Secretary General, Gordon Brown, to Pakistan would help achieve literacy targets set by Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif.
Gordon Brown called on Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif on the sidelines of the 68th Session of the UN General Assembly in New York.
Gordon Brown, 78, has cupboards full of medals and trophies in his West Derby home, but this will be the first time he has done the 26.
Summary: Gordon Brown has said he is "shocked" by the allegations that his family's personal details were obtained by the Sunday Times and the Sun.
He makes the ludicrous claim that Gordon Brown warned the IMF and the US government about the impending financial crisis.
WHILE I have no faith in the Con-Dems doing anything to help Scotland, surely Gordon Brown is being somewhat disingenuous when he tries to heap all the blame for youth unemployment at their door.
I COULD not believe it when we were told that Gordon Brown wanted Tony Blair to help him with the General Election.