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in zoology, organ found in bees, many wasps, some ants, and in scorpions and sting rays, used defensively as well as to kill or paralyze prey. In the bee and the wasp the venomvenom
or zootoxin,
any of a variety of poisonous substances produced by animals. In poisonous snakes, venom is secreted in two poison glands, one on each side of the upper jaw, and enters the fang by a duct.
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 is produced by glands associated with the ovipositor (egg-laying organ) of the female. As symptoms differ, it is assumed that the venom of each species of insect probably has slightly different chemical properties. The bee's "acid gland" produces histamine and proteinlike substances that are extremely dangerous to persons with specific allergies to them. Adrenaline injections may be lifesaving in such cases. In the honeybee the sting is a minute needle with tiny serrated edges, the teeth of which point backward. This makes it hard for the insect to pull the organ loose and often results in the fatal loss of the sting, the poison gland, and part of the intestine. Hornets, yellow jackets, and other wasps have sharp, smooth stings that can be used repeatedly. A few ants produce formic acid as a venom. The scorpion kills its prey with poison injected by a curved spine at the tip of its tail; the wound is painful to human adults and may be fatal to children. Strictly speaking, spiders bite rather than sting, since they inject their venom by means of fanglike cheliceras. Coelenterates, e.g., the hydra, jellyfish, and certain corals, are equipped with stinging capsules (nematocysts) consisting of a trigger mechanism that, when stimulated, raises the hydrostatic pressure of the cell so that hollow venom-bearing threads are ejected with enough force to pierce the prey. The larger coelenterates, e.g., the Portuguese man-of-war and Cyanea, are dangerous to man. The stingrays, or stingarees, have long whiplike tails bearing one to three sharply toothed, bony, poisonous stingers capable of inflicting painful wounds.


1. a skin wound caused by the poison injected by certain insects or plants
2. pain caused by or as if by the sting of a plant or animal
3. a sharp pointed organ, such as the ovipositor of a wasp, by which poison can be injected into the prey
4. Slang a trap set up by the police to entice a person to commit a crime and thereby produce evidence


A parallel dialect of Scheme intended to serve as a high-level operating system for symbolic programming languages. First-class threads and processors and customisable scheduling policies.

E-mail: <>.

["A Customizable Substrate for Concurrent Languages", S. Jagannathan et al, ACM SIGPLAN Notices, 1992].
References in periodicals archive ?
Gordon Sumner got his nickname Sting because of the black and yellow striped sweatshirt he often wore while performing and Paul Hewson was reputedly called Bono Vox by a friend.
Just pounds 4Sting: Demolition Man by ChristopherSandford: The remarkable tale of Gordon Sumner and his alter ego, Sting.
Following in the footsteps of celebrities such as Gordon Sumner and Reg Dwight, Rhondda Cynon Taff County Borough Council is changing its name.
Deeds show his parents, Audrey and Ernest Sumner, bought the semi in Thirlmere Avenue for PS4,400 in 1966, when Sting, or Gordon Sumner as he was then, was 15.
Sting - real name Gordon Sumner - was praised by the writers at Wine Spectator, a US publication considered an industry bible.
That's because the I Blame Coco frontwoman is the daughter of Gordon Sumner - better known to the world as rock superstar Sting.
Sting, whose real name is Gordon Sumner, became an international star after The Police had hits with Roxanne, Message In A Bottle and Don't Stand So Close To Me.
London, Sep 30 (ANI): Brit musician Gordon Sumner, a.
Sting, real name Gordon Sumner has said: "I think eroticism is incredibly important, at least as important as art and politics, and we make a huge mistake and pay a terrible price if we try to suppress it.
Sting, real name Gordon Sumner, received a Variety Club Silver Heart for his "outstanding contribution to the world of music and his work with world conservation charities".
GORDON Sumner - the mikman's son from Wallsend - turns 65 this weekend.
Sting, 63, whose real name is Gordon Sumner, has come a long way since he was raised in Station Road, Wallsend, where a semi-detached home recently sold for PS135,000.