Goremykin, Ivan Longinovich

Goremykin, Ivan Longinovich

(ēvän` lən-gē`nəvĭch gəryĭmĭ`kĭn), 1839–1917, Russian statesman. A conservative, he was (1895–99) interior minister under Czar Nicholas II and succeeded (1906) Count WitteWitte, Count Sergei Yulyevich
, 1849–1915, Russian premier. A railway administrator, he became minister of communications (1892) and minister of finance (1892–1903).
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 as premier. The first dumaduma
, Russian name for a representative body, particularly applied to the Imperial Duma established as a result of the Russian Revolution of 1905. The parliamentary organization of 1906, largely the work of Count Witte, provided for a state council (an upper house, with some
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 (1906) opposed his reactionary government, and his incompetence in handling the Duma led to his dismissal. Premier again from 1914 to 1916, Goremykin was regarded as the embodiment of reaction and a tool of Grigori RasputinRasputin, Grigori Yefimovich
, 1872–1916, Russian "holy man," a notorious figure at the court of Czar Nicholas II. He was a semiliterate peasant and debauchee who preached and practiced a doctrine of salvation that mixed religious fervor with sexual indulgence.
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 and was forced to resign. He was arrested briefly after the February Revolution (1917) in Russia, but was allowed to retire to his estate in the Caucasus, where he was murdered by a mob, probably Bolsheviks.