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(gôrgän`) or


(jo͝orjän`), town (1991 pop. 162,468), N Iran, E of the Caspian Sea. The surrounding region yields abundant grain and has extensive forests and marshes. Items of trade include carpets. The surrounding area, the ancient Hyrcania, was captured by the Arabs (716) and conquered by the Mongols (13th cent.). Aga Muhammad Khan, the founder of the Qajar dynasty, was born there, and the town flourished (c.1800) with the rise of the dynasty. It was formerly called Astrabad or Asterabad.



a town in northern Iran, in the region of Mazanderan. Population, 31,200 in 1966.

Gorgan is connected by a railroad line and a highway with the port of Bandar-e Shah and the city of Tehran. The town contains small cotton and rice-refining plants and creameries. Handicraft production is widespread. Gorgan is subject to earthquakes. (The most recent strong earthquake occurred in 1944.)

References in periodicals archive ?
Khomeini responded by saying he had no visit to Gorgan on his schedule but, if he did, he would not cancel the trip because of such threats.
Passing from western Kazakhstan to the northern Iranian city of Gorgan, the 928-kilometer (577-mile) route, will significantly speed the transportation of cargo between a long-isolated region and the Middle East and Asian (MEA) markets.
In a research, Vaghari and et al, [11] showed that children under 6 years old in villages of Gorgan city suffer from short stature [11].
Azerbaijani positions were also fired at by Armenians stationed near the villages of Tapgaragoyunlu, Gulustan of the Goranboy district, Chilyaburt, Goyarkh, Qizil Oba, Chayli of the Tartar district, Novruzlu, Chiragli, Yusifjanli, Shuraabad, Merzili, Shirvanli, Javakhirli, Qaraqashli, Sarijali of the Aghdam district, Kuropatkino of the Khojavand district, Garakhanbeyli, Ashagi Abdurrahmanli, Ashagi Veyselli, Ashagi Seyidahmadli, Gorgan of the Fizuli district.
The new line goes from Gorgan, where one of Iran's rail lines ends, straight north on the eastern side of the Caspian to Uzen in Kazakhstan, where the Russian rail system ends.
The major stations along the itinerary will be Uzen in Kazakhstan, Kyzylgaya, Bereket and Etrek in Turkemenistan and Gorgan in Iran
1) Department of Anesthesiology, Golestan University of medical science, Gorgan, Iran, Student Researchs Committee Golestan University medical of science
The suggestions include opening direct bus lines between Iran's Gorgan and Mashhad and Turkmenistan's Ashgabat; increasing Iranian trucks to 120-150 entering Turkmenistan via Bajgiran and Lutfabad borders to Turkmenistan, per day; cooperation in road building and preserving; establishment of joint transportation companies, development of Ashgabat terminal established by Iran with a 3-million-dollar investment, etc.
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) announced in a statement on Wednesday that it has arrested a dual nationality Iran-American in the city of Gorgan in Iran's Northern Golestan province.
Another ceasefire violation came from the positions located near the villages of Gulustan of Goranboy district, Chileburt, Goyarkh, Yarimja of Terter, Shikhlar, Sarijali, Kengerli, Novruzlu, Shuraabad, Yusifjanli, Shirvanli of Aghdam, Kuropatkino of Khojavend, Garakhanbeyli, Gorgan, Horadiz, Ashagi Abdurrahmanli of Fizuli and Mehdili of Jabrayil district.
The new route would associate Uzen in Kazakhstan with Gyzylgaya-Bereket-Etrek in Turkmenistan and end at Gorgan in the Iranian province of Golestan.
The sides agreed to enlarge bilateral communications by launching the railroad line of Uzen (Kazakhstan) - Kyzylkaya - Bereket - Etrek (Turkmenistan) - Gorgan (Iran), the press service of the Ministry reported.