Gurkha

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Gurkha

(go͝or`kə), ethnic group of NepalNepal
, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 27,677,000), c.54,000 sq mi (139,860 sq km), central Asia. Landlocked and isolated by the Himalayas, Nepal is bordered on the west, south, and east by India, and on the N by the Tibet region of China. Katmandu is the capital.
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 and neighboring areas. They claim descent from the RajputsRajputs
[Sanskrit,=son of a king], dominant people of Rajputana, an historic region now almost coextensive with the state of Rajasthan, NW India. The Rajputs are mainly Hindus (although there are some Muslim Rajputs) of the warrior caste; traditionally they have put great value
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 of N India and entered Nepal from the west after being driven from India. They conquered (early 16th cent.) the small Nepalese state of Gurkha (or Gorkha) and henceforth called themselves Gurkhas. They expanded eastward, and by the mid-18th cent. had established their authority over all of Nepal. Their invasion of Tibet in 1791 brought Chinese retaliation, and a war (1814–16) with the British in India resulted in bringing strong British influence to Nepal. The Gurkhas, predominantly Tibeto-Mongolians, speak Khas, a Rajasthani dialect of Sanskritic origin. Under the Gurkha dynasty, Hinduism became the state religion of Nepal. Gurkhas in the region around DarjeelingDarjeeling
or Darjiling
, town (1991 pop. 73,062), West Bengal state, NE India, near the border of Sikkim state. Its most famous product is tea, a major cash crop in the region.
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 in West Bengal state, India, have agitated for a separate state. Gurkhas have served in the armies of India and of Great Britain; 33 battalions served alongside the British in World War I, and 45 battalions in World War II. Gurkha soldiers bear the famed kukri, a short curved sword.

Bibliography

See studies by H. James and D. Sheil-Small (1965) and D. L. Bolt (1967, repr. 1969).

Gurkha

a member of a Hindu people, descended from Brahmins and Rajputs, living chiefly in Nepal, where they achieved dominance after being driven from India by the Muslims
References in periodicals archive ?
At the core of the pact is the formation of a new autonomous elected hill council, the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration, armed with more powers compared to its former avatar, the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council, formed in the late 1980s.
We haven't had any food here since the earthquake," Sita Gurung, whose home in Gorkha was destroyed, told media.
Similarly, other youths of Gorkha expressed their anger through social media and said that they are in need of basic essentials like tents, food and water.
Save the Children is distributing aid in some of the worst-affected areas of Nepal, including Gorkha and Kathmandu Valley.
That grim assessment was supported by World Vision aid worker Matt Darvas, who reached Gorkha on Monday.
The Gorkhaland movement that began in 1980s had ended with a truce between the then Gorkha leader Subhash Ghising and New Delhi, after he accepted limited autonomy in 1988 with a new Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC).
More than 20 activists from the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (Gorkha Peoples' Liberation Front) are to begin a hunger strike on Friday to demand that Gorkhaland be carved out of West Bengal, they said.
But politician Bimal Gurung, who heads the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM), has raised fresh demands.
Explore Worldwide (01252 760100) is offering a 16-day journey, departing on December 16 or 23, to cities and mountains including the Chitwan jungle reserve, Pokhara, Gorkha and Kathmandu.
The illness, with such symptoms as fever, coughing and cramps, has risen to epidemic proportions in the mountainous districts of Jumla, Dolpa and Gorkha where some 3,170 people have been affected.
Tenders are invited for Cleaning And Repairs To Man Holes, Sewage Lines And Repairs To Area Drainage, Chain Link Fencing, Gate And Protective Work At Gorkha Camp, Bso, Stables, Gorkha Hill, Circle Area And Csq Under Age B/R-I At Ge Dssc Wellington
The representatives of Sherpa, Rai, Tamang, Lepcha, Limboo communities have voiced their concern against the way in which Gorkha Janmukti Morcha supremo Bimal Gurung has been leading the Gorkhaland movement.