Gurkha

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Gurkha

(go͝or`kə), ethnic group of NepalNepal
, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 27,677,000), c.54,000 sq mi (139,860 sq km), central Asia. Landlocked and isolated by the Himalayas, Nepal is bordered on the west, south, and east by India, and on the N by the Tibet region of China. Katmandu is the capital.
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 and neighboring areas. They claim descent from the RajputsRajputs
[Sanskrit,=son of a king], dominant people of Rajputana, an historic region now almost coextensive with the state of Rajasthan, NW India. The Rajputs are mainly Hindus (although there are some Muslim Rajputs) of the warrior caste; traditionally they have put great value
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 of N India and entered Nepal from the west after being driven from India. They conquered (early 16th cent.) the small Nepalese state of Gurkha (or Gorkha) and henceforth called themselves Gurkhas. They expanded eastward, and by the mid-18th cent. had established their authority over all of Nepal. Their invasion of Tibet in 1791 brought Chinese retaliation, and a war (1814–16) with the British in India resulted in bringing strong British influence to Nepal. The Gurkhas, predominantly Tibeto-Mongolians, speak Khas, a Rajasthani dialect of Sanskritic origin. Under the Gurkha dynasty, Hinduism became the state religion of Nepal. Gurkhas in the region around DarjeelingDarjeeling
or Darjiling
, town (1991 pop. 73,062), West Bengal state, NE India, near the border of Sikkim state. Its most famous product is tea, a major cash crop in the region.
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 in West Bengal state, India, have agitated for a separate state. Gurkhas have served in the armies of India and of Great Britain; 33 battalions served alongside the British in World War I, and 45 battalions in World War II. Gurkha soldiers bear the famed kukri, a short curved sword.

Bibliography

See studies by H. James and D. Sheil-Small (1965) and D. L. Bolt (1967, repr. 1969).

Gurkha

a member of a Hindu people, descended from Brahmins and Rajputs, living chiefly in Nepal, where they achieved dominance after being driven from India by the Muslims
References in periodicals archive ?
With the implementation of the agreement signed on Thursday a total of 16, 912 households in Gorkha and 23,088 households in Nuwakot will be benefitted.
It can be traced all the way to 1780 when Gorkhas took over Sikkim and large parts of, what is today India's northeast, including Darjeeling.
The Gorkha Janamukti Morcha spearheading the movement has called for an indefinite shutdown in the hills until the demand for Gorkhaland is fulfilled.
Interestingly, the current agitation has brought all hill- based Gorkha political outfits together, including arch rivals Gorkha National Liberation Front -- an alliance partner of the Trinamool Congress in the state.
Similarly, other youths of Gorkha expressed their anger through social media and said that they are in need of basic essentials like tents, food and water.
They served the British during the First and Second World Wars with distinction in many countries and the legend of the Gorkha as the 'bravest soldier' and his 'khukri' took firm shape.
Thousands of Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) supporters gathered at the Pintal Village, near Sukna, to witness and celebrate the signing of the tripartite agreement for the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration today.
The Government of India had committed post-earthquake reconstruction package of USD 100 million in the grant to support the reconstruction of 50,000 private houses in Gorkha and Nuwakot districts in Nepal," the advisory from the Reconstruction Wing, Embassy of India said in a statement.
Another man arrested by the CIB was Dil Bahadur Dhakal, 38, of Siranchowk Rural Municipality-2 of Gorkha district.
Darjeeling: Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) supporters on Sunday took out rallies at Chowkbazar area of the hills carrying black flags in protest against the police action on pro-Gorkhaland supporters.
According to Bodo groups, the creation of a Bodo Territorial Council (BTC), on the lines of Gorkha Territorial Administration (GTA) against the demand of statehood "is a farce" as they were yet to see the transfer of actual power under which the community could prosper.
Since Independence, we have only seen political anarchy -- first by the Gorkha League, then by Subhas Ghising- led Gorkha National Liberation Front ( GNLF) and now by the GJM.