Gurkha

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Gurkha

(go͝or`kə), ethnic group of NepalNepal
, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 27,677,000), c.54,000 sq mi (139,860 sq km), central Asia. Landlocked and isolated by the Himalayas, Nepal is bordered on the west, south, and east by India, and on the N by the Tibet region of China. Katmandu is the capital.
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 and neighboring areas. They claim descent from the RajputsRajputs
[Sanskrit,=son of a king], dominant people of Rajputana, an historic region now almost coextensive with the state of Rajasthan, NW India. The Rajputs are mainly Hindus (although there are some Muslim Rajputs) of the warrior caste; traditionally they have put great value
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 of N India and entered Nepal from the west after being driven from India. They conquered (early 16th cent.) the small Nepalese state of Gurkha (or Gorkha) and henceforth called themselves Gurkhas. They expanded eastward, and by the mid-18th cent. had established their authority over all of Nepal. Their invasion of Tibet in 1791 brought Chinese retaliation, and a war (1814–16) with the British in India resulted in bringing strong British influence to Nepal. The Gurkhas, predominantly Tibeto-Mongolians, speak Khas, a Rajasthani dialect of Sanskritic origin. Under the Gurkha dynasty, Hinduism became the state religion of Nepal. Gurkhas in the region around DarjeelingDarjeeling
or Darjiling
, town (1991 pop. 73,062), West Bengal state, NE India, near the border of Sikkim state. Its most famous product is tea, a major cash crop in the region.
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 in West Bengal state, India, have agitated for a separate state. Gurkhas have served in the armies of India and of Great Britain; 33 battalions served alongside the British in World War I, and 45 battalions in World War II. Gurkha soldiers bear the famed kukri, a short curved sword.

Bibliography

See studies by H. James and D. Sheil-Small (1965) and D. L. Bolt (1967, repr. 1969).

Gurkha

a member of a Hindu people, descended from Brahmins and Rajputs, living chiefly in Nepal, where they achieved dominance after being driven from India by the Muslims
References in periodicals archive ?
New Delhi [India], Jan 11 ( ANI ): Former Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) president Bimal Gurung on Wednesday said their demand for Gorkhaland is within the framework of the Indian Constitution.
It can be traced all the way to 1780 when Gorkhas took over Sikkim and large parts of, what is today India's northeast, including Darjeeling.
He warned of a violent protest, even more intense than the Gorkha agitation, if the current tripartite talks with the government do not yield any results on separate statehood.
That Gorkha community which is protecting the country at the border with their own lives is being termed as terrorists.
Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Youth Affairs and Sports, MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh has said that the Gorkha community has served the nation in most difficult times, through thick and thin, and the stories of their bravery, valour and patriotism are an example for others.
Gorkhas proved their tenacity in many wars and later became part of British Indian Army when it was formed after the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny.
The radio channel apologised, but Gurung had by then stoked Gorkha pride and almost every house was soon flying his partyEoe1/4aos flag.
Kolkata [India], Aug 29 ( ANI ): Ahead of West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee's meeting with the leaders of Gorkha Janmukti Morcha party (GJM) and Gorkha National Liberation Front (GNLF), Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's grandnephew Chandra Kumar Bose on Tuesday welcomed the move, saying, "time is right that all concerned parties should sit across the table and discuss" the 'Gorkhaland issue.
Mamata tried to strike at this Gorkha hegemony by forming 19 tribal councils in the hills for the social empowerment of the marginalised tribes.
BIMAL Gurung- led Gorkha Janmukti Morcha ( GJM), the hill- based party that has been pressing for a separate Gorkhaland, is likely to field its own candidate in this Lok Sabha election.
A tripartite treaty in 1988, signed between the Union and state governments and GNLF, paved the way for the formation of the Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC), which ensured a lull in the violence for the next three decades, though there was no commitment from the government on the formation of Gorkhaland.
Gorkha Janmukti Morcha ( GJM) chief Bimal Gurung, who is spearheading the agitation, said the party would not settle for anything less than a separate state.