Gurkha

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Gurkha

(go͝or`kə), ethnic group of NepalNepal
, independent nation (2005 est. pop. 27,677,000), c.54,000 sq mi (139,860 sq km), central Asia. Landlocked and isolated by the Himalayas, Nepal is bordered on the west, south, and east by India, and on the N by the Tibet region of China. Katmandu is the capital.
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 and neighboring areas. They claim descent from the RajputsRajputs
[Sanskrit,=son of a king], dominant people of Rajputana, an historic region now almost coextensive with the state of Rajasthan, NW India. The Rajputs are mainly Hindus (although there are some Muslim Rajputs) of the warrior caste; traditionally they have put great value
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 of N India and entered Nepal from the west after being driven from India. They conquered (early 16th cent.) the small Nepalese state of Gurkha (or Gorkha) and henceforth called themselves Gurkhas. They expanded eastward, and by the mid-18th cent. had established their authority over all of Nepal. Their invasion of Tibet in 1791 brought Chinese retaliation, and a war (1814–16) with the British in India resulted in bringing strong British influence to Nepal. The Gurkhas, predominantly Tibeto-Mongolians, speak Khas, a Rajasthani dialect of Sanskritic origin. Under the Gurkha dynasty, Hinduism became the state religion of Nepal. Gurkhas in the region around DarjeelingDarjeeling
or Darjiling
, town (1991 pop. 73,062), West Bengal state, NE India, near the border of Sikkim state. Its most famous product is tea, a major cash crop in the region.
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 in West Bengal state, India, have agitated for a separate state. Gurkhas have served in the armies of India and of Great Britain; 33 battalions served alongside the British in World War I, and 45 battalions in World War II. Gurkha soldiers bear the famed kukri, a short curved sword.

Bibliography

See studies by H. James and D. Sheil-Small (1965) and D. L. Bolt (1967, repr. 1969).

Gurkha

a member of a Hindu people, descended from Brahmins and Rajputs, living chiefly in Nepal, where they achieved dominance after being driven from India by the Muslims
References in periodicals archive ?
BIMAL Gurung- led Gorkha Janmukti Morcha ( GJM), the hill- based party that has been pressing for a separate Gorkhaland, is likely to field its own candidate in this Lok Sabha election.
The Gorkhaland movement that began in 1980s had ended with a truce between the then Gorkha leader Subhash Ghising and New Delhi, after he accepted limited autonomy in 1988 with a new Darjeeling Gorkha Hill Council (DGHC).
The radio channel apologised, but Gurung had by then stoked Gorkha pride and almost every house was soon flying his partyEoe1/4aos flag.
We have called for today's shutdown to protest against the forced inclusion of Terai and Dooars region in the Gorkha Territorial Administration (GTA).
Army was called in late on Tuesday to quell the violence that resulted after a Gorkha Janmukti Morcha ( GJM) camp in Jalpaiguri district was dismantled by a joint team of the West Bengal Police and the CRPF.
Siliguri, Jan 21(ANI): Activists of Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJMM) organised a peace march urging locals to maintain peace and harmony in Siliguri.
Siliguri, Jan 10 (ANI): Renewing demand for a separate state of Gorkhaland, the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha has called for a prolonged shutdown beginning from January 12.
AIMING to create an interim regional authority for Darjeeling and adjoining areas, the Centre and the Gorkha Janmukti Morcha ( GJM) on Thursday laid down separate proposals at the key tripartite talks in New Delhi that also involved the government of West Bengal.
New Delhi, Dec 18 (ANI): Senior Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Jaswant Singh on Saturday said the dialogue between the regional Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM), the West Bengal Government and the Centre over the formation of a separate Gorkhaland state is going on in the right direction.
We have also demanded scheduled tribe status for the Gorkhas to preserve their cultural heritage and ethnicity," GJM secretary Roshan Giri said.
The Gorkhas, who are ethnic Nepalis, have been demanding a separate state called Acents[euro]A"Gorkhaland" to be carved out of the eastern state of West Bengal, to protect their culture and heritage.
Chhatra Man Singh Gurung is said to have asked his Indian counterpart General Deepak Kapoor to restart in Nepal recruitment rallies for Nepalese Gorkhas in the Indian Army.