(gôr`nə-bädäkhshän`, –bədəkhshän`) or


Tajik Kuhistoni Badakhshon, autonomous province (1991 est. pop. 167,100), c.24,600 sq mi (63,710 sq km), roughly constituting the eastern half of Tajikistan, in the PamirPamir
or Pamirs,
mountainous region of central Asia, located mainly in Tajikistan and extending into NE Afghanistan and SW Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China; called the "roof of the world.
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. It is bordered by China on the east and by Afghanistan on the south and west and is separated from Pakistan and Azad Kashmir by a narrow strip of Afghan territory. The eastern section (East Pamir) is a high plateau, and the western part (West Pamir) is cut by high ranges and deep, narrow valleys. KhorughKhorugh
, city (1991 pop. 20,318), capital of Gorno-Badakhshan, E Tajikistan, in the Pamir. Khorugh produces shoes, metal goods, building materials, and processed food.
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 is the capital. The population is mainly Pamiri, who speak several Iranian languages, with Kyrgyz and other minorities. In addition to the local languages, Tajik and Russian are widely spoken. Gold, salt, mica, limestone, and coal are mined. In the east livestock is raised (yaks, sheep, cattle, and goats), and in the western valleys grain, vegetables, and beans are grown.

Formerly under the control of the Mongols and the Arabs, the region passed to Russian control in 1895. Under Soviet rule, the area became the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region in 1925. Since Tajikstan's independence, central government control in the region has been tenuous. Former warlords (from the country's 1990s civil war) retain considerable influence and engage in drug and tobacco smuggling, and fighting between local armed groups and government forces erupted in mid-2012. The region also has been called Mountain-Badakhshan.

References in periodicals archive ?
The purpose of the project is to reduce potential tension in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region of Tajikistan through the creation of sustainable and effective network of young leaders that participate in political dialogues, social and economic development of local processes.
On July 29, Afghanistan hoped that Tajikistan would soon reopen the border crossings it sealed due to the military operation to detain a former warlord in the Gorno-Badakhshan region.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Salehi in a telephone conversation with his Tajik counterpart Hamrokhon Zarifi called for a peaceful solution to the current conflict in Tajikistan's Eastern province of Gorno-Badakhshan.
Special forces from the Presidential Guard, the National Security Committee, and the Interior Ministry have been tapped for the operation near the city of Khorog, the administrative center of Tajikistan's southern Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region.
Developments are unfolding in the city of Khorog, which is the capital of the autonomous Gorno-Badakhshan province.
Tuesday's clash occurred in the mountainous semi-autonomous Gorno-Badakhshan province bordering Afghanistan, the official said, speaking on condition of anonymity because he is not authorized to speak to the media.
Abdullo Nazarov, 56, had served as the deputy head of the State Committee for National Security (ex-KGB) until being assigned to the Gorno-Badakhshan province in the soaring Pamir Mountains near Afghanistan in 2010.
Arbab Alamgir also visited Khorog, capital of Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO) and the first big city on the planned route from Ishkashim to Dushanbe.
Over a number of years, there has been a well-established trafficking route from the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province in Tajikistan along the Pamir highway and the town of Murghab into Osh province.
Most Ismailis resided in the remote eastern Gorno-Badakhshan region as well as certain districts of the southern Khatlon region and in Dushanbe, the capital.
The Aga Khan Foundation created the local NGO Mountain Societies Development Support Programme (MSDSP), possibly one of the greatest successes in water security in the region, based in Khorog, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province, in 1993.
On the pretext of promoting equality of nations and creating an artificial Tajik national identity, the ruling bureaucratic clique from the north, who dominated the state and party apparatuses, marginalized the elites from the southeast and the mountain region of Gorno-Badakhshan.