François Joseph Gossec

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Gossec, François Joseph

 

Born Jan. 17, 1734, in the village of Vergnies, Hainault Province, Belgium; died Feb. 16, 1829, in Passy, near Paris. French composer. Member of the Institut de France (1795).

Of Belgian origin, Gossec was the son of a peasant. Beginning in 1751 he lived in Paris, where he worked as a choirmaster and directed the Amateur Concerts Society, which he founded in 1770 and reorganized as the Sacred Concerts Society in 1773. In 1784 he founded the Royal School of Singing and Declamation, on the basis of which the National Music Institute was organized in 1793. (In 1795 the institute became a conservatory.) Gossec was a professor and one of the inspectors at the Paris Conservatory when the Bourbons were restored in 1816. A confirmed republican, he was dismissed from his position.

Gossec was a precursor of the French symphony; he wrote 29 symphonies, the first in 1754. The greatest music figure of the Great French Revolution, he was the conductor of the band of the National Guard. Gossec wrote a great number of musical compositions for popular revolutionary festivals and processions, hymns (“Eulogy of the Federation”), songs (“Song of July 14”), and monumental works for brass bands (for example, a symphony, a Te Deum, and a funeral march), which are imbued with revolutionary and patriotic spirit. Among Gossec’s operas (about 20) are Sabinus (1773), Theseus (1782), The Triumph of the Republic, or the Camp at Grandpré (1793), and a series of comic operas. Gossec also wrote oratorios, masses, quartets, and methodical textbooks on music theory.

REFERENCES

Tiercot, J. Pesni i prazdnestva Frantsuzskoi revoliutsii. Moscow,1933. (Translated from French.)
Radiguer, H. Muzykanty epokhi Velikoi frantsuzskoi revolïutsii. Moscow, 1937. (Translated from French.)
Prod’homme, J. F. J. Gossec. Paris, 1949.

B. S. STEINPRESS

References in periodicals archive ?
Contractor address : 1056 rue Francois-Joseph Gossec, BP 95520
Goulenok TM, Meune C, Gossec L, Dougados M, Kahan A, Allanore Y.
Gossec has received research support or honoraria from Abbott, Schering-Plough, Roche, UCB, Bristol-Myers Squibb, and Wyeth.
Part fabulous story, part sampling of legendary works by Mozart, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Gossec, Elgar, Bizet, Chopin, and Copland, Flute Sweet & Tickletoon in Green Golly & Her Golden Flute is highly recommended both as a gift to young music lovers and to public library children's music CD collections.
The 50-member wind and percussion ensemble will play classic band works by Francois Gossec, Percy Grainger, Malcolm Arnold, William Schumann and Ralph Vaughan-Williams, as well as film music of John Williams.
Mannheimian influences are manifest in the music of other composers who were demonstrable never in direct contact with the Mannheim School (Johann Schobert, Francois Joseph Gossec and others).
To live a life spanning from Vivaldi to Wanger is some achievement, but FrancoisJoseph Gossec did just that.
Ruyssen-Witrand A, Gossec L, Salliot C, Luc M, Duclos M, Guignard S, et al.
This work consists in making a connection between the bar Mehul Street and Avenue Joseph Gossec (Rd132), achieving two secondary inland service and the connection to the Bar of Montels Street Church.
On January 27, 1793, Parisians in search of entertainment would have had the opportunity to attend the first performance of Le triomphe de la Republique, with a libretto by Chenier, music by Gossec, and choreography by Gardel.
Even more popular were the anthologies of ariettas, arrangements of arias from operas by composers such as Francois-Joseph Gossec, Andre-Modeste Gretry and Antonio Sacchini.