Gotha

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Gotha

(gō`tä), city (1994 pop. 52,260), Thuringia, central Germany. It is a rail junction, and its manufactures include machinery, vehicles, textiles, chemicals, and soap. Gotha was known in the late 12th cent. In 1485 it passed to the Ernestine line of the house of WettinWettin
, German dynasty, which ruled in Saxony, Thuringia, Poland, Great Britain, Belgium, and Bulgaria. It takes its name from a castle on the Saale near Halle. The family gained prominence in the 10th cent.
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 and became (1640) the capital of the duchy of Saxe-GothaSaxe-Gotha
, Ger. Sachsen-Gotha, former duchy, Thuringia, central Germany. A possession of the Ernestine branch of the house of Wettin, it passed in the 16th cent. to the dukes of Saxe-Weimar.
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 (from 1826 to 1918, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha). Gotha has long been a center of geographical research and publishing. The well-known publishing house of Justus Perthes (founded in 1785 and now called Hermann Haack) began (1863) the publication of the Almanach de Gotha, an authoritative reference work on the royal houses and the nobility of numerous countries. In 1875 an important congress of the German Social Democratic Party was held in Gotha. Among the chief historic buildings of the city are the early 15th-century Church of St. Margaret; Friedenstein, a 17th-century ducal palace; and Friedrichstal Palace (18th cent.).

Gotha

 

a city in the German Democratic Republic, near Erfurt. Population, 57,300 (1969). An important scientific and cartographic publishing center. The important nationally owned geographic and cartographic firm of Hermann Haack (founded in 1785) compiles and publishes geographic maps, atlases, geographic magazines (among them, Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen) , and guidebooks. Other manufacturing includes book publishing, railroad-car assembly, metalworking, and food and chemical processing.

Gotha

a town in central Germany, in Thuringia on the N edge of the Thuringian forest: capital of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (1826--1918); noted for the Almanach de Gotha (a record of the royal and noble houses of Europe, first published in 1764). Pop.: 47 158 (2003 est.)