Gothic architecture

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Gothic architecture

(1050–1530)
A revolutionary style of construction of the High Middle Ages in western Europe which emerged from Romanesque and Byzantine forms. The term “Gothic” was originally applied as one of reproach and contempt. The style was characterized by a delicate balance between the lateral thrust from loads and the force of gravity. It was most often found in cathedrals employing the rib vault, pointed arches, flying buttresses and the gradual reduction of the walls to a system of richly decorated fenestration. The style’s features were height and light, achieved through a mixture of skeletal structures and increasing use of windows. Walls were no longer necessary to support the roof and could be replaced with large, tall windows of stained glass. One of the finest and oldest examples of French Gothic architecture is Notre Dame in Paris.

Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture: vault construction
Gothic architecture: Gothic pier
Gothic architecture: Late type Gothic base, Rouen
Gothic architecture showing construction of a Gothic church, illustrating principles of isolated supports and buttressing
The architectural style of the High Middle Ages in Western Europe, which emerged from Romanesque and Byzantine forms in France during the later 12th cent. Its great works are cathedrals, characterized by the pointed arch, the rib vault, the development of the exterior flying buttress, and the gradual reduction of the walls to a system of richly decorated fenestration. Gothic architecture lasted until the 16th cent., when it was succeeded by the classical forms of the Renaissance. In France and Germany one speaks of the Early, High, and Late Gothic; the French middle phase is referred to as Rayonnant, the late phase as Flamboyant. In English architecture the usual divisions are Early English, Decorated, and Perpendicular.
References in periodicals archive ?
LOCKS LIKE FUN: Navigating French locks is easy - just throw a rope to the full-time keeper and hold on very tight; SIGHT WORTH SEEING: Don't miss Beziers with its gothic cathedral, which looks more like a castle, and great views
Its huge medieval defense system, the perfect restoration by Viollet le Duc, the castle, Gothic cathedral and narrow streets fill you with admiration.
The main market Am Dom, with 160 stalls, is in the shadow of the magnificent Gothic cathedral.
The stunning gothic Cathedral of Santa Mara de la Sede (00 34 954 214971; catedraldesevilla.
Dramatic pictures of the Italian prime minister, 73, showed him covered in blood last month after being struck in the face by a statue of Milan's Gothic cathedral.
Strasbourg's Christmas Market, held in front of the breathtaking Gothic cathedral, is the oldest in France.
Paddypix's gothic Cathedral Marc Melander took this shot at Speke Airport Wirral Bells's Cold Summers Evening was taken at West Kirby this week
Palma, Mallorca's capital, is dominated by an awe-inspiring Gothic cathedral.
SEVILLE'S 15th Century gothic cathedral, raised on the ruins of a mosque, was the world's largest until St Paul's in London and St Peter's in Rome were built.
It's a gothic cathedral in music, the chorus providing the pillars in a series of massive Bach-inspired movements.
While it won't be his first trip to Spain, Russell said he is looking forward to taking in the sights including the gothic cathedral and the Gran Teatre del Liceu ( the famous nineteenth century opera house.