Gothic architecture


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Related to Gothic architecture: Romanesque architecture, Roman architecture, Baroque architecture, Renaissance architecture

Gothic architecture

(1050–1530)
A revolutionary style of construction of the High Middle Ages in western Europe which emerged from Romanesque and Byzantine forms. The term “Gothic” was originally applied as one of reproach and contempt. The style was characterized by a delicate balance between the lateral thrust from loads and the force of gravity. It was most often found in cathedrals employing the rib vault, pointed arches, flying buttresses and the gradual reduction of the walls to a system of richly decorated fenestration. The style’s features were height and light, achieved through a mixture of skeletal structures and increasing use of windows. Walls were no longer necessary to support the roof and could be replaced with large, tall windows of stained glass. One of the finest and oldest examples of French Gothic architecture is Notre Dame in Paris.

Gothic architecture

Gothic architecture: vault construction
Gothic architecture: Gothic pier
Gothic architecture: Late type Gothic base, Rouen
Gothic architecture showing construction of a Gothic church, illustrating principles of isolated supports and buttressing
The architectural style of the High Middle Ages in Western Europe, which emerged from Romanesque and Byzantine forms in France during the later 12th cent. Its great works are cathedrals, characterized by the pointed arch, the rib vault, the development of the exterior flying buttress, and the gradual reduction of the walls to a system of richly decorated fenestration. Gothic architecture lasted until the 16th cent., when it was succeeded by the classical forms of the Renaissance. In France and Germany one speaks of the Early, High, and Late Gothic; the French middle phase is referred to as Rayonnant, the late phase as Flamboyant. In English architecture the usual divisions are Early English, Decorated, and Perpendicular.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ruskin appears to contradict the terms of the prophecy that Jones puts into the unwitting Clitus's mouth when he turns to consider, in paragraph LXX of "The Nature of Gothic," "the strange and vain supposition, that the original conception of Gothic architecture had been derived from vegetation,--from the symmetry of avenues, and the interlacing of branches.
Following the introduction, the students examined the differences between barrel and ribbed vaults, an the differences between Romanesque and Gothic architecture by looking a several examples as well as a film strip
Paris and The Normandy Coast" - A 12-day tour exploring the region's rich history, gothic architecture and Unesco landmarks, charming countryside often painted by impressionist painters, as well as the sophisticated culture and popular attractions of modern Paris.
The cottage's gothic architecture is "straight out of Hogwarts" and it has a pretty garden, including a herb patch like that seen in Professor Sprout's Herbology lessons.
com Exeter Cathedral Visit one of the finest examples of decorated gothic architecture with its medieval vaulted underground passages.
BUILDING'S GILDED HISTORY BELIEVED to be one of a few remaining examples in England of Georgian Gothic architecture, Hamsterley Hall and its gardens are steeped in history.
Ken is delighted by the unexpected detour, but Ray is unmoved by the breathtaking gothic architecture, drowning his sorrows in bars.
In his first book (of many), Modern Gothic Architecture (1873), Jackson attacked the gothic revival, but what did he offer instead?
Coincidentally, in Cher's library was a folio of important Pugin drawings used to illustrate the second volume of his Examples of Gothic Architecture, one of the seminal 19th century books on the Gothic Revival style.
US scholars of history, art history, and literature explore such cross-cultural exchanges as Venetians and Ottomans in early modern Galata, multiculturalism in Italian Gothic architecture, whiteness and cosmetics in early imperial Britain, and Marat's satirical poetry in exile.
Around the stunning Grand Place, the ancient market square, you'll find yourself gawping in awe at the grand gothic architecture.
Country Life editor Clive Aslet said: "It's easy for anyone who's travelled on this line to agree with our nominators, and Durham's monument to Gothic architecture is the perfect starting point for a journey.