Gothic romance


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Gothic romance,

type of novel that flourished in the late 18th and early 19th cent. in England. Gothic romances were mysteries, often involving the supernatural and heavily tinged with horror, and they were usually set against dark backgrounds of medieval ruins and haunted castles. The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole was the forerunner of the type, which included the works of Ann RadcliffeRadcliffe, Ann (Ward),
1764–1823, English novelist, b. London. The daughter of a successful tradesman, she married William Radcliffe, a law student who later became editor of the English Chronicle.
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, Matthew Gregory LewisLewis, Matthew Gregory,
1775–1818, English author, b. London. In addition to his writing he pursued a diplomatic career and served for a time in Parliament. He was often called "Monk" Lewis from the title of his extravagant Gothic romance The Monk
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, and Charles R. MaturinMaturin, Charles Robert
, 1782–1824, Irish author. A minister by vocation, he wrote novels in the manner of the Gothic horror tale of Ann Ward Radcliffe. They include The Fatal Revenge (1807), The Milesian Chief (1812), and his masterpiece
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, and the novel Frankenstein by Mary ShelleyShelley, Mary Wollstonecraft,
1797–1851, English author; daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft. In 1814 she fell in love with the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, accompanied him abroad, and after the death of his first wife in 1816 was married to him.
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. Jane Austen's novel Northanger Abbey satirizes Gothic romances. The influence of the genre can be found in some works of Coleridge, Le Fanu, Poe, and the Brontës. During the 1960s so-called Gothic novels became enormously popular in England and the United States. Seemingly modeled on Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre and Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca, these novels usually concern spirited young women, either governesses or new brides, who go to live in large gloomy mansions populated by peculiar servants and precocious children and presided over by darkly handsome men with mysterious pasts. Popular practitioners of this genre are Mary Stewart, Victoria Holt, Catherine Cookson, and Dorothy Eden.

Bibliography

See studies by T. M. Harwell (4 vol., 1985) and D. P. Varma (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
In the opening scenes of Alisa Valdes's young adult gothic romance The Temptation of Demetrio Vigil (2013), Maria LuisaOchoa is an eighth-generation Mexican American young woman from a wealthy New Mexican family, one year away from graduating from an exclusive high school in Albuquerque.
Ralph Fiennes plays an unforgiving Heathcliff in this fine version of Emily Bronte's Gothic romance.
A fine, involving read for any teen who would enjoy gothic romance.
7) Montague Summers claims that they were the reading material of "schoolboys, prentices, servant-girls, by the whole of that vast population which longed to be in the fashion, to steep themselves in the Gothic Romance.
Inspired by Beauty and the Beast, this is a Gothic romance that incorporates elements of mystery, fantasy, the supernatural and Medieval Irish history.
For this, there is no Shakespeare play more fitting than Hamlet, which "serves the writers of Gothic romance and drama as a blueprint or set of dramatic instructions pertaining specifically to the appropriate treatment of the dead" (73).
One of Marcus Clarke's early poems 'The Lady of Lynn' was a Gothic romance that was illustrated by his friend Gerard Manley Hopkins.
KEIRA KNIGHTLEY does Gothic romance at the British Independent Film Awards.
Alternatively the lace prom style dress hints at this season obsession with Gothic romance.
Just like the first two novels, this one is hard to put down as it draws the reader into heart pounding gothic romance tinged with mythic horror.