Gothic romance


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Gothic romance,

type of novel that flourished in the late 18th and early 19th cent. in England. Gothic romances were mysteries, often involving the supernatural and heavily tinged with horror, and they were usually set against dark backgrounds of medieval ruins and haunted castles. The Castle of Otranto by Horace Walpole was the forerunner of the type, which included the works of Ann RadcliffeRadcliffe, Ann (Ward),
1764–1823, English novelist, b. London. The daughter of a successful tradesman, she married William Radcliffe, a law student who later became editor of the English Chronicle.
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, Matthew Gregory LewisLewis, Matthew Gregory,
1775–1818, English author, b. London. In addition to his writing he pursued a diplomatic career and served for a time in Parliament. He was often called "Monk" Lewis from the title of his extravagant Gothic romance The Monk
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, and Charles R. MaturinMaturin, Charles Robert
, 1782–1824, Irish author. A minister by vocation, he wrote novels in the manner of the Gothic horror tale of Ann Ward Radcliffe. They include The Fatal Revenge (1807), The Milesian Chief (1812), and his masterpiece
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, and the novel Frankenstein by Mary ShelleyShelley, Mary Wollstonecraft,
1797–1851, English author; daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft. In 1814 she fell in love with the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, accompanied him abroad, and after the death of his first wife in 1816 was married to him.
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. Jane Austen's novel Northanger Abbey satirizes Gothic romances. The influence of the genre can be found in some works of Coleridge, Le Fanu, Poe, and the Brontës. During the 1960s so-called Gothic novels became enormously popular in England and the United States. Seemingly modeled on Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre and Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca, these novels usually concern spirited young women, either governesses or new brides, who go to live in large gloomy mansions populated by peculiar servants and precocious children and presided over by darkly handsome men with mysterious pasts. Popular practitioners of this genre are Mary Stewart, Victoria Holt, Catherine Cookson, and Dorothy Eden.

Bibliography

See studies by T. M. Harwell (4 vol., 1985) and D. P. Varma (1987).

References in periodicals archive ?
A Primer on Gothic Romance: Employing his encyclopedic knowledge and passion for the genre, Guillermo del Toro traces the lineage of Gothic Romance in cinema.
Ralph Fiennes plays an unforgiving Heathcliff in this fine version of Emily Bronte's Gothic romance.
A fine, involving read for any teen who would enjoy gothic romance.
I think that most vampires come from a time, certainly from the gothic romance novel point of view, when men were far more courteous and manners were very much at the forefront of society," says Stephen.
Inspired by Beauty and the Beast, this is a Gothic romance that incorporates elements of mystery, fantasy, the supernatural and Medieval Irish history.
For this, there is no Shakespeare play more fitting than Hamlet, which "serves the writers of Gothic romance and drama as a blueprint or set of dramatic instructions pertaining specifically to the appropriate treatment of the dead" (73).
The main period of popularity of the gothic romance was later, roughly from 1790 to 1820, as the editors of the Cambridge University Press edition of Northanger Abbey point out, and many critics have viewed the vogue as a partial response to the horrors of the French Revolution, thus placing it firmly post-1789, or rather, after the events of the Reign of Terror in 1793-94.
One of Marcus Clarke's early poems 'The Lady of Lynn' was a Gothic romance that was illustrated by his friend Gerard Manley Hopkins.
KEIRA KNIGHTLEY does Gothic romance at the British Independent Film Awards.
Just like the first two novels, this one is hard to put down as it draws the reader into heart pounding gothic romance tinged with mythic horror.
Murray's words reveal the novel's heavy reliance on two particularly violent literary genres: the gothic romance and crime fiction.
It's not out-and-out horror as much as gothic romance, as Rachel begins an affair with lighthouse keeper Angus (Hans Mathieson).