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(both: gôt`shälk), d. c.868, German theologian; son of the count of Saxony. He was placed as a boy in the monastery of Fulda (c.822). He did not wish to be a monk but was forced by Rabanus Maurus MagnentiusRabanus Maurus Magnentius
, c.780–856, German scholar and theologian. His name appears also as Hrabanus and Rhabanus. A student under Alcuin, he was later abbot of Fulda (822–42); his zeal for learning and his excellent administration made the school and library at
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, his superior, to remain. In 829 a synod freed him of his vows, but he went to the monastery of Orbais, where he was ordained a priest. He soon began to teach an extreme doctrine of predestination, holding that God had selected in advance whom God would save and whom God would condemn. His views, which he apparently derived from St. Augustine, created great interest. He preached in Italy and elsewhere. Rabanus and HincmarHincmar
, 806–82, Frankish canonist and theologian, archbishop of Reims (from 845). He was a supporter of Carolingian Emperor Louis I and a counselor of his son Charles II (Charles the Bald).
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 worked to suppress him, and Gottschalk was condemned in 848 and 849, deposed from the priesthood, and imprisoned in the monastery of Hautvilliers.



Place of birth unknown; died in 1066. Prince of the Obodrites from 1031 (actually from 1044).

Gottschalk was the founder of an early-feudal state of the Polabian Slavs, the Wendish State, which existed from the 1040’s to the first third of the 12th century. He pursued independent policies, using the support of the archbishop of Bremen and of the Danish king to counter the threat of the dukes of Saxony. He tried to create an independent Slavic church. Gottschalk was killed by nobles of his tribe, who had allied themselves with the Saxon feudal lords.


Koroliuk, V. D. “Gosudarstvo Gotshalka (XI v.).” In Slavianskii sbornik.[Moscow] 1947.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Gottschalks said they grew impatient waiting for the US brand they invested in to reach their new home, so they began to plot their own business.
The mall's fourth anchor store was Gottschalks, which filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in January 2009, but liquidated just two months later after it was unable to find a buyer for the company.
Gottschalks went into liquidation in March after an initial Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing.
At Valley River Center, mall manager Rob McOmie confirmed that the Eugene Gottschalks store will be closed but referred questions about a time line to the Phoenix office of Macerich Co.
The partnership also calls for the companies to establish direct sourcing and consignment product sales at Gottschalks and launch a new wholesale business.
Gottschalks has 38 stores in California, half in northern California and a quarter in southern California.
In August 1986, Gottschalks hired a consultant to evaluate their current network, connecting the corporate headquarters, three retail outlets, and a distribution center.
Harvey Yellen, Chairman of Great American Group said, "For more than a century, Gottschalks has served as a leading shopping destination throughout the western region, known to customers for its selection, service and value.
Gottschalks was founded in 1904 and went public in 1986.
The letter of intent also includes warrants for Everbright to acquire additional shares of Gottschalks common stock.
The car was parked on the north side of the Gottschalks department store in the 1100 block of West Avenue P.
Gottschalks, the largest independently owned department store chain based in California, is currently implementing over two-thousand 3800g imagers across its 63 stores.