Gough Whitlam

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Gough Whitlam: Paul Keating

Whitlam, Gough

(gŏf), 1916–2014, Australian political leader. Edward Gough Whitlam studied law and entered practice near Sydney after serving in World War II. A member of the Labour party, he was elected to Parliament in 1952 and rose in party circles. In 1960 he succeeded Arthur Calwell as party leader and attempted to broaden the party's appeal to the middle class in order to reverse its poor electoral showings of the 1950s and 60s. In the Dec., 1972, elections he led the party to victory against the Liberal-Country coalition that had dominated Australian politics for years. As joint prime minister and foreign minister, he emphasized better treatment for aborigines, increased nonwhite immigration, greater access to health care and university education, and other social reforms, and a limit to British and U.S. influence in Australia. Immediately after taking office, he ordered Australian troops to return from South Vietnam and ended conscription. In 1973 Whitlam relinquished the office of foreign minister. In the May, 1974, elections his government was returned to power with a small majority in the lower house. In 1975 he was dismissed by the governor-general after a budgetary and early-election impasse with the opposition-controlled senate endangered the government's ability to meet its financial obligations. Although his tenure as prime minister was relatively short, the changes he initiated ultimately transformed Australian society. He resigned as party leader in 1977 and in 1978 left politics to teach at Australian National Univ., Canberra. From 1983 to 1986 he was ambassador to UNESCO. A prolific author, he wrote many books, including Labor Essays (1980), The Cost of Federalism (1983), and The Whitlam Government 1972–75 (1985).
References in periodicals archive ?
Seemingly ripped from the headlines, Carey's caustic critique of modern-day Australia has less to do with cybercrime than with historical Australian-American relations: specifically, the 1942 Battle of Brisbane and the CIA-backed ouster of Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam in 1975.
Gough Whitlam, The Whitlam Government 1972-1975 (Ringwood, Victoria: Penguin, 1985), 635.
Gillard and Treasurer Wayne Swan had earlier paid tribute to Labor's greatest leaders including every Labor PM including John Curtin, Joseph Chifley, Edward Gough Whitlam, Ben Hawke except Rudd, which stoked supporters' outrage.
Especially through the efforts of Gough Whitlam, the Australian Labor Party used the example of Northern Australia to highlight the benefits of an increased Commonwealth role in matters traditionally dealt with by the states.
This means that there must be a willingness to bite when necessary--witness the Sir John Kerr and Gough Whitlam crisis in 1970s Australia.
Cain says that the CIA and ASIO conducted joint operations without telling Gough Whitlam.
On a momentous day in 1975, Gough Whitlam poured the dirt of the land into the hands of Vincent Lingiari, the hero of the song and the strike.
GOUGH Whitlam was the charismatic Australian Labour Prime Minister from the 1970s who believed socialism meant everyone could own an Armani suit.
Categorizations for leader cognitive styles, national identity conceptions are supported through the authors review of vocabulary from speeches and analyses of leader perspectives of Charles deGaulle, Pierre Mendes France, Robert Menzies, Johns Gorton, Gough Whitlam, Ambassador Julio Carasales, Antonia Careea and several significant players in the nuclear history of Argentina and India.
8 /PRNewswire/ -- The Honorable Edward Gough Whitlam AC QC, former Prime Minister of Australia and a "National Living Treasure" as selected by The National Trust of Australia, recognized the digital curation success of the University of Western Sydney's Whitlam Institute in a speech given yesterday at the State Library of Victoria.
He is a former chief of staff to Gough Whitlam, federal MP and state MP and minister.