Gurma

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Gurma

 

(self-appellation, Binumba), or Gourmantche, a people of northern Togo, northeastern Ghana, and the eastern regions of the Upper Volta. A small number of Gurma live also in the border regions of Nigeria and Dahomey. According to a 1967 estimate, the Gurma together with the related tribes the Konkomba (self-appellation, Kpunkpamba), the Moba, the Tobote (also called Bassari), and the Kaselem number 220,000 in Togo, 280,000 in Ghana, and 220,000 in the Upper Volta. The Gurma language belongs to the Gur linguistic group. The Gurma have preserved local traditional beliefs, although some practice Islam. Farming is the chief occupation (millet, rice, sorghum), but cattle are also raised.

References in periodicals archive ?
In Gourma des Monts, the local native tradition, shared by the Rimaibe, is probably of Fulani origin.
Lesser-known aspects featured include the elephant migration to the Gourma region of central Mali, one of the country's eight official regions, and rock-climbing routes in the Hombori mountains.
Additionally, quartz geometric microliths (FIGURE 4, 13-14) were encountered that conform technologically to those known from Kobadi Tradition sites in the Mema and Gourma regions of Mali (MacDonald 1994; 1996b).
The presence of a small herd of elephants between Gao and Menaka was recorded at the beginning of this century (Mauny 1956: 262), and a herd does still exist in the Gourma area to the west of Gao (Bradshaw 1994).
Predictive has established a prospective tenement package comprising the Bonsiega project in the Fada N Gourma greenstone belt situated in the east of the country and along strike from the Samira Hill gold mine.
La delegation de la CGEM regionale etait en effet conduite par son president Yassine Ghanmoumi et composee egalement de Jamal Diwani, vice-president et presentateur du projet Cluster, Hassan Qabbal, vice-president, Fatima Gourma, presidente regionale de l'Association marocaine du transport routier international (AMTRI) regroupant plus de 140 entreprises de logistique et transport dans la region SMD, ainsi que pas moins de six chefs d'entreprises du secteur.
Between 1972 and 1974 there were 550 elephants in the Gourma region, now there are no more than 354.
The elephants of the Gourma are the biggest in Africa and are tempting quarry for poachers, both for their ivory tusks and their meat, which is popular in neighbouring countries.
However, the Reserve de Douentza in Gourma district south of Timbuktu, is home to a herd of elephants that continues to live in close proximity to man.
5m Global Environment Facility for the Gourma Biodiversity Conservation project to cover a six-year period.
The types of projectile point typical of phase 3 at Ounjougou are frequently found in the Sahara beginning with the Middle Neolithic, as well as in Mali during the third millennium BC in Facies K at Tilemsi, and in the second millennium BC in the Winde-Koroji facies at Gourma, a cultural complex that seems itself to have originated from the Tilemsi (Smith 1974; Gaussen & Gaussen 1988; Mac Donald 1996a).