statute

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statute,

in law, a formal, written enactment by the authorized powers of a state. The term is usually not applied to a written constitutionconstitution,
fundamental principles of government in a nation, either implied in its laws, institutions, and customs, or embodied in one fundamental document or in several.
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 but is restricted to the enactments of a legislature. Statute law is to be distinguished chiefly from common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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, which may be defined as the body of legal rules derived from judicial decisions and custom. On most of the European continent all (or nearly all) the law is statutory and each field is subsumed by a codecode,
in law, in its widest sense any body of legal rules expressed in fixed and authoritative written form. A statute thus may be termed a code. Codes contrast with customary law (including common law), which is susceptible of various nonbinding formulations, as in the legal
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. In England and the United States, however, common law retains great importance, but with the expansion of government regulation there has been an immense growth in the statute law of those countries. In order to guide the courts many important statutes contain (usually in a preamble) a statement of the abuses that the legislation is intended to cure or of the general legislative intent. Statutes are classified in various ways. Public statutes (e.g., those establishing crimes) are universal in application, while private statutes (e.g., one compensating a named person for injury) are limited. Public statutes may be local, i.e., affecting only part of the area over which the legislature has authority, or general. Statutes that explain or clarify previous enactments or rules of common law are sometimes called declaratory statutes.

Statute

 

(polozhenie), in Soviet law, a normative act that summarizes, codifies, and defines the structure, functions, and competence of a state agency or system of agencies, for example, the Statute on the Supreme Court of the USSR and the General Statute on Ministries of the USSR. Statutes also regulate operational procedures of state agencies and organizations in certain cases—for example, the Statute on the Conduct of Cash Transactions by State, Cooperative, and Public Enterprises, Organizations, and Institutions—as well as all organizational, property, and labor relations pertaining to a specific question, for example, the Statute on Discoveries, Inventions, and Rationalization Proposals.


Statute

 

(1) A provision or regulation that defines the procedures of an organization and the functions of individual national and international organizations, such as the statute of the International Court of Justice (1945).

(2)Regulations that set the legal provisions of such medieval institutions as craft guilds. Valuable historical sources, guild statutes (or charters) consisted of rules based on common law that regulated the activities of guilds.

(3)Any legal regulation, for example, a statute on orders, which defines the procedures for awarding a given order, as well as the order’s description.

(4)Certain legislative acts of Great Britain’s Parliament, such as the Statute of Westminster of 1931, and of the United States Congress.

statute

1. 
a. an enactment of a legislative body expressed in a formal document
b. this document
2. a permanent rule made by a body or institution for the government of its internal affairs
References in periodicals archive ?
The AAMDC is committed to working with stakeholders, municipal partners, and the Government of Alberta to develop a Municipal Government Act that promotes sustainability, prosperity, and works for all Albertans.
We strongly support the Open Government Act and we look forward to working with them to help educate lawmakers on the importance of FOIA for an open, effective and accountable government," Sturm said.
Mushtaq Ghani said that Local Government Act 2013 amended as Nazim district council will be Nazim district government as well as Nazim , Naib Nazim , district council or tehsil council will be elected as their votes will be more , adding that those who were on second and third position then they will be further election will be held and the candidate will be selected.
The Land comprises open space for the purposes of Section 123 of the Local Government Act 1972 and a plan identifying the Land may be inspected at all reasonable hours at Customer Services Civic Centre Newcastle upon Tyne.
Has Aghili or any other government act distracted fans from illegal music?
The Anglican Archbishops of Canterbury and York, together with the Bishop of Blackburn, have approved a compromise amendment on the Section 28 controversy (the section of the Local Government Act banning the teaching of pro-homosexuality sentiments in schools; see Catholic Insight March issue, "The Cardinal and Clause 28", page 9).
The first revelation by The New Republic, noted here last month, was that DeLay had given radically different versions of his role in the company in a court deposition and in a report to the House required by the Ethics in Government Act.
In the petition, Dall said that the section 25 (k) of draft Bill of Islamabad Capital Territory Local Government Act, 2015 provides prohibition upon the candidates to use the flag, platform, symbol, affiliation and financial or material resources or support of a political party which is against the fundamental rights ensured by Article 25 and 17(2) of the constitution of Pakistan.
Addressing the representatives of different political parties at his office regarding the rules and regulations for the political parties under Local Government Act, he said that all the candidates should have to strictly follow the rules and regulations of LG Act.
The Government of Sindh is also directed to make necessary corresponding amendments in the Sindh Local Government Act, 2013.
The report, Independent Assessment: Current and Future Financial Health of the Buloke Shire Council, identifies material errors in budgets and 10 year forecasts as well as possible breaches of the Local Government Act 1989 with respect to prudent management of financial risks.
A STATEMENT from Mr Goodway's office last night said, ``Under the Local Government Act 2000 councils are obliged to keep a publicly available register of members' interests.

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