governor

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governor,

chief executive of a dependent or component unit in a political system. In the United States, a governor is the chief executive of each state and is elected by the people of the state. In the British, French, and Dutch empires a governor was traditionally appointed to rule over each of the colonies. Governors in the United States originally lacked much power. They were often subordinate to the state legislatures and had little control over administrative agencies. However, political reforms in the early 20th cent. shifted power from the legislative to the executive branches of state governments, and today governors are among the most powerful political figures in the United States. At the National Governors Conference, developed from a meeting called (1908) by President Theodore Roosevelt, the nation's governors meet annually to discuss common political and governmental problems.

governor,

automatic device used to regulate and control such variables as speed or pressure in the functioning of an engine or other machine. A governor may be an electric, hydraulic, or mechanical device, or it may employ some combination of electric, hydraulic, and mechanical components. The constant-speed governor serves to keep the speed of an engine constant under changes in load and other disturbances. It is very often a mechanical device, employing centrifugal force. Such a governor contains weights, called flyballs, each attached to the end of an arm. The arms are arranged, like the spokes of wheels, around a central spindle and are connected to the inlet valve (commonly called the governor valve). The flyballs are so attached that they move away from the spindle as the speed increases (decreasing the fuel or steam to the inlet) and come closer to the spindle as the speed decreases (increasing the fuel or steam), thereby keeping the speed constant. Varying degrees of closure and the speeds at which they are to occur can be set in advance. Where changes are required while an engine is in operation, a variable-speed governor is employed. A governor-synchronizing device is used to equalize the speed of two or more engines driving electric generators before they engage the generators. In order to control the speed of some engines, a governor's output must be strengthened by connecting the output to a hydraulic amplifier.

Governor

 

(1) In present-day bourgeois states, the highest official in a territorial unit. For example, in the USA a governor is the executive head of a state, popularly elected from among candidates nominated by the leading bourgeois parties. In Denmark each of the 25 districts is headed by a governor appointed by the king. In Great Britain a governor is an official appointed by the British government to administer a colony.

(2) In prerevolutionary Russia, the highest government official in a province, who performed administrative, police, and military functions.

governor

[′gəv·ə·nər]
(mechanical engineering)
A device, especially one actuated by the centrifugal force of whirling weights opposed by gravity or by springs, used to provide automatic control of speed or power of a prime mover.

governor

A type of control to ensure that certain types of equipment, like high-pressure fuel pumps, operate at the desired speed. A governor has a sensor to measure the speed, a datum from which the equipment speed is referenced, and a control to adjust the speed to align it with the datum. See overspeed governor.

governor

1. the ruler or chief magistrate of a colony, province, etc.
2. the representative of the Crown in a British colony
3. Brit the senior administrator or head of a society, prison, etc.
4. the chief executive of any state in the US
5. Engineering a device that controls the speed of an engine, esp by regulating the supply of fuel, etc., either to limit the maximum speed or to maintain a constant speed
References in periodicals archive ?
SOUTHERN Governorate won the first edition of the Governorates Teams Chess Championship at the Bahrain Mind Sports Association (BMSA) premises in Muharraq.
Third place is being occupied by Central Governorate team with four points, just half a point ahead of Capital Governorate who are in fourth place while the Northern Governorate are still at the bottom with one point.
At the marine environment, drawing competition in Kuwait Bayan bint Mohammed al- Furqaniyah from the Governorate of A'Dakhiliyah came first on the Gulf level.
In the Governorate of South A'Sharqiyah, the populations reached 275,524 persons including 187,935 Omanis; in addition to 87,589 expatriates; while the populations of the Governorate of North A'Sharqiyah reached 249,716 persons including 162,644 Omanis; in addition to 87,072 expatriates.
He added that the total value of the sale contract stood at RO 149,562,081 through 7049 sale transactions on the governorates level and that the collected fees for the sale amounted to RO 4,398,257.
In the Governorate of A'Dhahirah, the number of guests reached 14,000 persons who generated revenues of RO 187,000.
The net production in the Governorates of North and South Al Batinah, in addition to the Governorate of ADhahirah at the end of last August reached 10.
Al-Waili tribesmen clashed with Houthis in Sa'ada governorate in 2010 when the latter allegedly attempted to take over land belonging to the Al-Waili tribesmen.
Outgoing MP and Al Menbar senior member Mohammed Al Ammadi will compete against Al Asala's Khalid Al Malood, another outgoing MP, in the Northern Governorate.
The heads of media and public relations from all five governorates and the Coordinator of Governorates partook in the course which focused on communication, techniques of dealing with social networks, and how to exploit networks to develop services provided to the community.
He added that the total value of the sale contracts stood at RO 89,345,757 through 7,362 sale transactions on the governorates level and that the collected fees for the sale amounted to RO 2,587,590.
Published on Monday, 25 November 2013 12:21 PNN Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) issued a press release about the social survey of Jerusalem governorate, 2013, as follows: Jerusalem's Population is one Tenth Population of Palestine The total population of Jerusalem governorate in mid-2013 was estimated at 404,165 persons, of whom 251,043 were in Area J1 and 153,122 were in Area J2.

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