governor

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governor,

chief executive of a dependent or component unit in a political system. In the United States, a governor is the chief executive of each state and is elected by the people of the state. In the British, French, and Dutch empires a governor was traditionally appointed to rule over each of the colonies. Governors in the United States originally lacked much power. They were often subordinate to the state legislatures and had little control over administrative agencies. However, political reforms in the early 20th cent. shifted power from the legislative to the executive branches of state governments, and today governors are among the most powerful political figures in the United States. At the National Governors Conference, developed from a meeting called (1908) by President Theodore Roosevelt, the nation's governors meet annually to discuss common political and governmental problems.

governor,

automatic device used to regulate and control such variables as speed or pressure in the functioning of an engine or other machine. A governor may be an electric, hydraulic, or mechanical device, or it may employ some combination of electric, hydraulic, and mechanical components. The constant-speed governor serves to keep the speed of an engine constant under changes in load and other disturbances. It is very often a mechanical device, employing centrifugal force. Such a governor contains weights, called flyballs, each attached to the end of an arm. The arms are arranged, like the spokes of wheels, around a central spindle and are connected to the inlet valve (commonly called the governor valve). The flyballs are so attached that they move away from the spindle as the speed increases (decreasing the fuel or steam to the inlet) and come closer to the spindle as the speed decreases (increasing the fuel or steam), thereby keeping the speed constant. Varying degrees of closure and the speeds at which they are to occur can be set in advance. Where changes are required while an engine is in operation, a variable-speed governor is employed. A governor-synchronizing device is used to equalize the speed of two or more engines driving electric generators before they engage the generators. In order to control the speed of some engines, a governor's output must be strengthened by connecting the output to a hydraulic amplifier.

Governor

 

(1) In present-day bourgeois states, the highest official in a territorial unit. For example, in the USA a governor is the executive head of a state, popularly elected from among candidates nominated by the leading bourgeois parties. In Denmark each of the 25 districts is headed by a governor appointed by the king. In Great Britain a governor is an official appointed by the British government to administer a colony.

(2) In prerevolutionary Russia, the highest government official in a province, who performed administrative, police, and military functions.

governor

[′gəv·ə·nər]
(mechanical engineering)
A device, especially one actuated by the centrifugal force of whirling weights opposed by gravity or by springs, used to provide automatic control of speed or power of a prime mover.

governor

A type of control to ensure that certain types of equipment, like high-pressure fuel pumps, operate at the desired speed. A governor has a sensor to measure the speed, a datum from which the equipment speed is referenced, and a control to adjust the speed to align it with the datum. See overspeed governor.

governor

1. the ruler or chief magistrate of a colony, province, etc.
2. the representative of the Crown in a British colony
3. Brit the senior administrator or head of a society, prison, etc.
4. the chief executive of any state in the US
5. Engineering a device that controls the speed of an engine, esp by regulating the supply of fuel, etc., either to limit the maximum speed or to maintain a constant speed
References in periodicals archive ?
The water production in the other governorates decreased with 25.
We've received reinforcements from Al-Baida, and Al-Jawf, and even tribesmen from the Al-Ketaf and Al-Baqa districts in Sa'ada governorate," said Saleh Lanjaf, a sheikh from the Sahil tribe located in Marib governorate's Sahil area.
He affirmed that these projects will serve the interests of the citizens in the governorate and will contribute in increasing employment opportunities.
Capital Governorate finished as overall runners-up after winning 12 medals.
The Governorate of Muscat dominates the private education sector with 182 schools, leaving behind the Governorate of North Al Batinah (68 schools) and the Governorate of A'Dakhliyah (56).
Additional works for operation and maintenance of desalination plants in the governorates of Al Dakhiliyah and Al Dhahirah group (G), and desalination plants in Mahout and Jaalan Bani Bu Ali group (D) for 354,331 rials.
They then took on Muharraq Governorate and won 6-0, and then closed out their campaign with another 6-0 triumph, this time against Capital Governorate.
The Central and Capital Governorates are battling it out for third place overall as both are tied with 13 points.
Also, among the 11 governorates, Muscat registered the highest monthly growth in population at 2% reaching a total of 1,310,826, compared to July figures.
SOUTHERN Governorate team remained on top in the first edition of the Governorates Teams Chess Championship despite a 2-2 draw with the Central Governorate at Bahrain Mind Sports Association (BMSA) premises in Muharraq.
The sale transactions in the Governorate of North Al-Batinah was the highest with (1403), compared to the other governorates during the last month, followed by the Governorate of Muscat with (1332 ) transactions, the Governorate of South Al Batinah (1140), the Governorate of A'Dakhiliyah (871), the Governorate of Dhofar (534), the Governorate of North A'Sharqiyah (484), the Governorate of South A'Sharqiyah (440), the Governorate of A'Dahirah (390), the Governorate of Al Buraimi (283), the Governorate of Al Wusta (149), and finally the Governorate of Musandam with (40) transactions.
The largest number of workers (515) were held in the Governorate of Muscat for violating the Labour Law, followed by the Governorates of North and South Al Batinah with (47), the Governorate of Dhofar with (40), the Governorate of Al Dakhiliyah with (40), the Governorate of Al Dhahirah with (19), the Governorate of South Al Sharqiyah with (11) the Governorate of North Al Sharqiyah with (10), and the Governorate of Al Buraimi with (3).

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