Graciliano Ramos


Also found in: Wikipedia.
Graciliano Ramos
Graciliano Ramos de Oliveira
Birthday
BirthplaceQuebrangulo, Alagoas, Brazil
Died
NationalityBrazilian
Occupation
Novelist, politician, journalist

Ramos, Graciliano

 

Born Oct. 27, 1892, in Quebrangulo, in the state of Alagoas; died 1953 in Rio de Janeiro. Brazilian writer. Member of the Communist Party of Brazil from 1945.

Ramos’ first novel, Caetés, was written in 1926 and published in 1933. In 1936, Ramos was imprisoned during an anticom-munist wave of terror; his Recollections of Prison (vols. 1–4, 1953) was published posthumously. He is also the author of A Journey (1954), about his trip to the USSR in 1952. Ramos’ novels St. Bernard (1934), Anguish (1936), and Barren Lives (1938; Russian translation, 1961) investigate various psychological types engendered by Brazilian life. Ramos introduced social psychologism into Brazilian literature.

WORKS

Infancia, 7th ed. São Paulo, 1969.
In Russian translation:
“Dva druga.” In the collection Brazil’skie rasskazy. Moscow, 1959.
“Svidetel’.” In the collection Pod nebom Iuzhnovo Kresta: Brazil’skaia novella XIX-XXvekov. Moscow, 1968.

REFERENCES

“Pamiati pisatelia.” Inostrannaia literatura, 1958, no. 6.
Terterian, I. A. Brazil’skii roman XX v. Moscow, 1965.
Candido, A. Ficção e Confissão. Rio de Janeiro, 1956.
Pinto, R. M. Graciliano Ramos: Autor e ator. São Paulo, 1962.

I. A. TERTERIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Rocha (Portuguese, Middlebury College) uses it in his reading of one of the most important Brazilian novelists of the first half of the twentieth century, Graciliano Ramos, calling on how Ramos describes his terms rather than relying upon theoretical foundations.
COM este artigo, pretendemos mostrar que a cogitacao autobiografica presente no espirito de Graciliano Ramos desde sua mais tenra idade motivou-se pela necessidade que o autor tinha de relatar suas experiencias passadas a partir de um significado reclamado pelo tempo presente e pela sua condicao de autodidata.
Na opiniao de Candido, porem, Angustia, tecnicamente, "e o livro mais complexo de Graciliano Ramos.
Angustia, em varios momentos, pinta quadros que remetem ao proprio Graciliano Ramos.
Considerados pela critica como as duas obras confessionais de Graciliano Ramos, tais livros apresentam semelhancas e diferencas importantes que levam a questionar o proprio conceito do genero a que sao comumente associados.
Sonia Brayner, na colecao A literatura no Brasil, dirigida por Afranio Coutinho, inscreve na lista das memorias a narrativa da infancia de 1945 e as recordacoes do preso politico de 1953, acrescentando que "a atitude de Graciliano Ramos frente as memorias e de nao tracar limites definidos entre biografia e ficcao" (407).
Por ter sido tão bem sucedido, Monteiro Lobato tornou-se modelo para os escritores de seu tempo, como Graciliano Ramos e Erico Verissimo, que igualmente se dedicaram à produção de obras para a infância.
Histórias de Alexandre Alexandre, de Graciliano Ramos
For instance, in the section devoted to the analysis of one of his most important films, "Vidas Secas" (Barren Lives, 1963), too much reference is made to the book by Graciliano Ramos from which the film was based on.
Born in 1912 and a member of the so-called generation of 1930, which was represented in Brazil by authors like Graciliano Ramos and in the United States by Michael Gold, Amado was a strong advocate of socialist ideals.
In the latter we encounter liberated fiction in the sequel to the journal of a northeastener who is also imprisoned in spite of being a famous writer, Graciliano Ramos, a fiction underwritten by another author, Silviano Santiago.
The examination, explication, and reception of a significant part of the nineteenth- and twentieth-century Brazilian and Latin American canonical texts also rank high: Cruz e Sousa, Machado de Assis, Manuel Bandeira, Jorge de Lima, Mario and Oswald de Andrade, Drummond, Abgar Renault, Rachel de Queiroz, Graciliano Ramos, and Cassiano Ricardo.