Taylor, Graham

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Taylor, Graham,

1851–1938, American social worker and clergyman, b. Schenectady, N.Y., grad. Rutgers, 1870. Ordained as a minister in the Dutch Reformed Church, he served in several pastorates, becoming a Congregationalist in 1880, and teaching at Hartford Theological Seminary beginning in 1888. In 1892, he began teaching social economics at Chicago Theological Seminary. In 1894 he founded Chicago Commons, one of the first social settlements in the country (and modeled on Jane AddamsAddams, Jane,
1860–1935, American social worker, b. Cedarville, Ill., grad. Rockford College, 1881. In 1889, with Ellen Gates Starr, she founded Hull House in Chicago, one of the first social settlements in the United States (see settlement house).
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 Hull House); he was resident warden until his death. He was president (1903–20) of the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy and was associate editor of the Survey.

Bibliography

See his two autobiographical works, Pioneering on Social Frontiers (1930) and Chicago Commons through Forty Years (1936).

Taylor, Graham

(1851–1938) Protestant clergyman, civic reformer; born in Schenectady, N.Y. Ordained (1873), he served the Dutch Reformed church in Hopewell, N.Y. (1873–80). Becoming the pastor of the Fourth Congregational Church in West Hartford, Conn. (1880–92), he worked with wayward men and was appointed a professor at the Hartford Theological Seminary (1888) where he taught urban missionary techniques. He left Hartford to head a new department of Christian sociology at the Chicago Theological Seminary—the first institution in the United States to establish such a department (1892–1924). Eager to adapt Christianity to urban problems and involve students, he saw the creation of a settlement house as a means of accomplishing both goals. He and his family and four students were the first inhabitants of Chicago Commons (1894), which eventually occupied a new building and became a model of settlement house design. Equally active in the seminary and in the settlement house movement, he became convinced of the need for trained social workers and helped initiate the first professional course in social work at the University of Chicago (1903). While at the seminary he wrote his first book, Religion in Social Action (1913). He declined the presidency of the seminary (1906) but served as acting president for two years. He appointed his daughter director of Chicago Commons (1921) while continuing to formulate policy and raise funds and work on other civic projects involving labor mediation, education, politics, and social reform.
References in periodicals archive ?
FORMER England boss Graham Taylor has blasted Sunderland's defending in their 6-2 defeat to Everton, calling it one of the 'worst defensive performances' he's ever seen.
His comments come as a storm rages over a claim from former Birmingham player Richie Moran that the FA tried to impose a quota on black players during the reign of former England boss Graham Taylor.
Study leader Professor Graham Taylor, from Oxford University's Department of Zoology, said the lessons learned from Cossack could be useful to the aviation industry.
GRAHAM TAYLOR, who will forever be associated with the long-ball game, was once pressed on his tactics by a journalist.
FORMER England and Villa boss Graham Taylor has dashed hopes of a return to Molineux at boardroom level.
GRAHAM TAYLOR yesterday accused Roy Hodgson of getting his tactics wrong in England's European Championship defeat to Italy.
Summary: Former England manager Graham Taylor believes current boss Fabio Capello should speak better English.
Chris Tarrant, Ron Atkinson, Graham Taylor, Cyrille Regis, Dean Kielly, MJK Smith, Dennis Amiss, Nic Owen and Gary Newbon also attended.
FORMER England manager Graham Taylor is set to take charge of a Greek side in a recreation of one of comedy's top sketches.
GRAHAM TAYLOR, editor of The Sporting Life at one of the most difficult times in its history when owner Robert Maxwell was waging war on the print unions, has died aged 80.
He pledged his commitment to the Graham Taylor philosophy and vowed to follow his mentor's path to success.