Grain Feed

Grain Feed

 

the kernel of cereal and leguminous crops, used for fodder for agricultural animals. Grain feed belongs to the group of concentrated feeds: compared with other feeds, a unit volume of grain feed contains the greatest quantity of easily digested nutritive substances. Cereal grains contain up to 75 percent carbohydrates, 10–12 percent protein, 2–5 percent fat, 1–4 percent minerals (basically the salts of phosphoric acid and potassium), and vitamins of the B and E groups. The kernels of legumes contain 20–25 percent protein (up to 35 percent in soybeans) and 1-–2 percent fat (about 15 percent in soybeans).

The basic grain feeds include cereals such as maize, oats, barley, rye, millet, Turkestan millet, and sorgo, and such legumes as vetch, lentils, soybeans, kidney beans, fodder beans, and gram. Grain feed is given to all types of animals in a crushed, flattened, or ground form. Because of the presence of astringents, large doses of legume feeds sometime cause constipation. Legume feeds must be administered with particular care to pregnant animals. Grain must not be used if it is blackened, rotten, or seriously infected with fungi or if it contains harmful impurities that cannot be removed.

References in periodicals archive ?
Contract awarded for 2015 Grade 12 month grain feed ingredients e-Bidding
In addition, grain feed consumption is forecast at less than 36 MMT, 4 MMT less than in 2009.
Grain feed is necessary, but some cattle farmers have succeeded in fleshing out red-hair cattle by spending additional time feeding them more hay.
A RISE in the price of raw materials in its grain feed business has hit profits at Cheshire-based sales and distribution group NWF.
For the past nine months, the company has been replacing 15 percent of the vegetarian grain feed it gives its hogs with transitional organic grain.
Cut back on grain feed and let birds forage freely.
grain feed and oilseed exports from the Pacific Northwest.
milk prices, as supplemental grain feed costs remained low which helped farmers' continue to have funds available to purchase machinery and equipment.
Regarding the third quarter results, Ag-Bag International Limited President and CEO, Larry Inman, stated that "Sales for the third quarter were up significantly on continued favorable milk prices and lower grain feed costs which have spurred new purchases for machinery here in the U.