Grammatical Category


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Related to Grammatical Category: Lexical category

Grammatical Category

 

(1) A class of mutually exclusive grammatical meanings opposed to each other according to some common feature; for example, the meanings “singular” and “plural” form the grammatical category of “number.” A paradigm (or series of paradigms) corresponds to each grammatical category.

(2) The term “grammatical category” is sometimes used to designate lexical-grammatical word classes (for example, in Russian the grammatical category “verb” has the grammatical categories of voice, aspect, mood, tense, person, number, and gender).

References in periodicals archive ?
Since the rise of the indefinite article in Slavic languages is facilitated by language contact with European languages that have fully developed this grammatical category, it is not surprising that Slavic languages situated in the east of Europe, i.
Urdu nouns accounts for the largest proportion of borrowings than any other grammatical category.
This suggests that the key criterion in the definition of a grammatical category is that it displays distributional (mainly paradigmatic) properties; and that the key criterion in the characterization of a lexical category is that it shows combinatory (mainly syntagmatic) properties, that is, complementation and collocation properties, in such a way that the entry for a member of a given lexical category stipulates the quantitative and qualitative valency of the element.
The term "identifiability" in this article denotes a pragmatic concept, and the term "definiteness" denotes a grammatical category featuring formal distinction whose core function is to mark a nominal expression as identifiable or nonidentifiable.
Here, as in his similarly magisterial work on Gender (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), Corbett overcomes all three problems by treating a single grammatical category in formidably impressive detail, drawing on over 250 languages.
Analysis 2 demonstrated that iconic gestures were associated with words of lower transitional probability than words not associated with gesture, even when grammatical category was controlled.
The dual as a grammatical category left clear traces in the pronominal system of Old English.
One of the devices that Wilde appears to have used lavishly is the grammatical category of adjective of colour.
5) If we manage to demonstrate this, it will mean that a grammatical category can be determined by the very nature of human categorization and conceptualization of extralinguistic phenomena.
This is partly supported by Palmer (1986: 1) who assumes, "it is possible to recognize a grammatical category of modality (which is similar to aspect, tense, number, gender, etc.
of Hanover, Germany) emphasize a distinction between evidentiality as a conceptual domain and evidentiality as a grammatical category in their introduction to nine papers examining realizations of evidentiality in European languages.