Grammatical Category

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Related to Grammatical categories: pronoun, syntax

Grammatical Category

 

(1) A class of mutually exclusive grammatical meanings opposed to each other according to some common feature; for example, the meanings “singular” and “plural” form the grammatical category of “number.” A paradigm (or series of paradigms) corresponds to each grammatical category.

(2) The term “grammatical category” is sometimes used to designate lexical-grammatical word classes (for example, in Russian the grammatical category “verb” has the grammatical categories of voice, aspect, mood, tense, person, number, and gender).

References in periodicals archive ?
Within this process, grammatical categories seem to occupy a place in the mind--a sieve through which all data must pass on their way to the consciousness.
The results discussed in the final subchapter, Grammatical categories, show the dominance of verbs (40.
Depending on the students' age and prior knowledge and the purpose of the task, there is flexibility in determining which grammatical categories will be identified.
The Lesniewskian tradition more than any other took a serious interest in quantification for diverse grammatical categories, for example, sentence positions, connectives, predicates.
It is also unclear, Caramazza adds, whether Damasio's theory applies to grammatical categories, such as verbs that require a direct object, and to knowledge of separate abstract concepts, such as justice and ambition.
From the viewpoint of language change, compensation is a major way to decrease the influence of diachronic changes such as the loss of opposition between two or more distinct grammatical categories (Harris, Campbell 1995 : 317-320; Heath 1998).
At some point in learning a first or second language, people shift their attention from grammatical categories to functional categories that they express using the grammatical forms.
al-'Awdmil al-mi'a, ruthlessly dividing the language into precisely one hundred grammatical categories comprising 98 formal (lafz.
Lastly, loss in (2) represents the final stage of grammaticalization: grammatical categories may completely lose their form and content, that is, zero in (1).
The problems in vocabulary selection have been dealt with over the centuries, but only in recent decades has the realization come that grammatical categories, both obligatory and optional ones, control the direction that the message takes.
Initially, these were traditional grammatical categories, which were assigned binary values, one defined as constituting a more complex (<com), and the other as constituting a less complex (>com) grammatical environment.