Grand Canal


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Grand Canal,

Chinese Da Yunhe [large transit river], longest in the world, extending c.1,000 mi (1,600 km) from Beijing to Hangzhou, E China, and forming an important north-south waterway on the North China Plain. The canal was started in the 6th cent. B.C. and was constructed over a 2,000-year period. Its largest sections were completed in A.D. 610 under Emperor Yang Ti of the Sui dynasty and were built by dredging and linking existing canals. Tree-shaded roads, postal stations, and imperial pavilions were built along the canal. Between the 10th and the early 13th cent. the waterway fell into disrepair. Kublai Khan reconstructed the canal in the 13th cent. and extended it to Beijing. Improvements were made during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). Today the canal follows the Bai River south from Beijing to Tianjin; the 250-mi (412-km) section S of Tianjin ties into the Wei River. Leaving the Wei, the canal runs past Jining and through the elongated lakes of Shandong prov., then past Xuzhou and the lakes of Jiangsu prov. to cross the Chang at Zhenjiang. It runs generally south through the Chang delta, past Wuxi and on to Hangzhou, the southern terminus. The canal is 100 to 200 ft (30–61 m) wide and from 2 to 15 ft (.6–4.6 m) deep. Railroads, roads, and widespread silting have reduced its economic importance, but the canal remains navigable between Jining and Hangzhou and is a busy waterway S of the Chang.

Grand Canal

 

(Chinese, Yün Ho, transport river), a navigable canal, one of the greatest hydrotechnical structures of China. Construction of the Grand Canal, which was based on a number of canals built as early as the sixth century B.C. (mostly in the seventh century A.D.), was completed in the 13th century A.D. It runs from north to south, from near Peking to Hangchou, intersecting the Huang Ho (Yellow), Huai, and Yangtze rivers. It is 1,782 km long (from Tunghsien to Hangchou; different information on the length of the canal is given in different sources). The Grand Canal system also includes natural waterways, such as the Pai River and the Wei-shan Hu lakes. The main ports on the Grand Canal are Yangchou, Suchou, Wuhsi, and Hangchou. The main cargoes are coal, grain, wood, and cotton.

Grand Canal

1. a canal in E China, extending north from Hangzhou to Tianjin: the longest canal in China, now partly silted up; central section, linking the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, finished in 486 bc; north section finished by Kublai Khan between 1282 and 1292. Length: about 1600 km (1000 miles)
2. a canal in Venice, forming the main water thoroughfare: noted for its bridges, the Rialto, and the fine palaces along its banks
References in periodicals archive ?
Venice city officials have announced the closure of a 50-metre length of pedestrian way along the Grand Canal near the 16th-century Cavalli Palace, used for civil marriage ceremonies, for two hours on Monday because of the Clooney nuptials.
Alamuddin was last seen publicly on Friday riding a water-taxi down the Grand Canal with Clooney's arm resting comfortably around her.
The Ritz-Carlton Abu Dhabi, Grand Canal is the ninth property in the Middle East region for the luxury hotel operator.
Comprised of 395 rooms, 52 suites and 85 villas the hotel sits on the grand canal in the Al Maqta area directly adjacent to the Shaikh Zayed Grand Mosque.
To facilitate works the Grand Canal is closed to vessels between Lock C4 at Baggot Street and Lock 1 at Suir Road in the capital.
The new Grand Canal theatre said it was honoured to have Liverpool actors and a Liverpool show call it our first home on the Emerald Isle.
During that time the Grand Canal will be closed to normal traffic.
6million for View of the Grand Canal from Palazzo Balbi to the Rialto, set at Sotheby's in London in July 2005.
Filmed in Venice, Italy, the commercial shows the long-haired model with a beautiful woman enjoying a ride down the Grand Canal in a gondola.
The city of Casanova is far better known than Georgia's sleepy, sultry city, but count on this inquisitive author to unearth secrets unknown even to those who make falling into the Grand Canal during Carnival an annual ritual.
Other "accidental adventures" include a Sumo wrestling lesson, a Texas cattle auction, and an ill-fated stint as a gondolier in Venice's Grand Canal, at the climax of which he comes face to face with the sea creature of the title.
The half-hour's water journey to La Serenissima is worth its weight in gold as your transport weaves its way along the Grand Canal and cuts through the narrow waterways lined with architecture ranging from Byzantine to Gothic.

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