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1. the head of the government in several European countries
2. US the president of a university or, in some colleges, the chief administrative officer
3. Brit and Canadian the honorary head of a university
4. US (in some states) the presiding judge of a court of chancery or equity
5. Brit the chief secretary of an embassy
6. Christianity a clergyman acting as the law officer of a bishop
7. Archaic the chief secretary of a prince, nobleman, etc.



(Russian, kantsler; from German Kanzler).

(1) In the feudal states of medieval Europe, the highest official, whose duties included directing the royal chancellery and archive and keeping the state seal.

(2) In tsarist Russia, state chancellor (gosudarstvennyi kantsler) was the highest civil rank. According to the table of ranks of 1722, it corresponded to the military rank of field marshal (general-feVdmarshal).

(3) In Germany from 1871 to 1945, the Reichskanzler was the head of the government; from 1934 he also exercised the powers of head of state.

(4) In the Federal Republic of Germany and in Austria, the federal chancellor is the head of the government.

(5) In Great Britain, the chancellor of the exchequer is the minister of finance; the lord high chancellor is the chairman of the House of Lords.

(6) In Switzerland, the chancellor of the Federation is the leader in the secretariat to the highest federal executive and administrative bodies (Federal Council and Federal Assembly).



(Reichskanzler). (1) In the German Empire from 1871 to 1918, the sole minister of all of Germany and chairman of the Bundesrat. Appointed by the emperor, the chancellor was the executive head of the empire.

(2) In the Weimar Republic of 1919–33, the head of government, appointed by the president with the approval of the Reichstag. In 1933 so-called presidential cabinets were created, which in circumvention of the constitution did not rely on the confidence of the parliament. From 1933 to 1945, Hitler was chancellor, and in 1934 he consolidated the powers of the head of government and state, abolishing the office of president.

References in periodicals archive ?
Bailiff Jean Pierre Mazery, Grand Chancellor of the Order of Malta, in the presence of Honourable Mr Lormesh Bundhoo, the Minister of Health and Quality of Life.
Qantas Holidays 1 (0208 222 9124) offers seven nights' room-only at Hotel Grand Chancellor from pounds 1,859, incl flights, to catch top championships (Jan 14-27) at Melbourne's Rod Laver Arena.
A briefing for those shareholders who were unable to attend the AGM will also be held, on September 12, 2007 at noon (NZST), at the James Cook Hotel Grand Chancellor, 147 The Terrace, Wellington, New Zealand.
24-26 May 2007, The Grand Chancellor, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.
uk: n New Zealand (Lord of the Rings): Seven nights at the 3-star Hotel Grand Chancellor in Auckland costs from pounds 880 per person based on two people sharing on a room only basis.
October 26-29, Australian Pipeline Industry, Association, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Hobart Tasmania; Phone: (02) 6273 0577; Fax: (02) 6273 0588.
Over in Melbourne, the Hotel Grand Chancellor in the city centre costs from just pounds 30pp per night and a four-day trip to the Yarra Valley and the stunning beaches of the Mornington Peninsular costs pounds 220pp including hotels and car hire.
John Headley, in a major piece, turns again to the career of Charles V's Grand Chancellor Gattinara and to his imperial, Dantean messianism, which, in invoking the image of a Second Charlemagne, effectively applied "scriptural texts properly pertaining to the Messiah" to the Saviour-Emperor.
Kingdom presented Juffali with the medal during a ceremony that was recently held in Riyadh, in the presence of General Jean-Louis Georgelin, grand chancellor of the Legion of Honor and chancellor of the National Order of Merit, who had flown in from Paris to chair the ceremony.