grand duke

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grand duke

History
1. a prince or nobleman who rules a territory, state, or principality
2. a son or a male descendant in the male line of a Russian tsar
3. a medieval Russian prince who ruled over other princes
References in periodicals archive ?
Lithuanian grand dukes, is already on show in the Museum of Applied Art on Arsenalo St.
The only period in which female representatives of the house of Medici held the reins of power was during the joint regency of the Archduchess Maria Magdalena of Austria (1589-1631), widow of Grand Duke Cosimo II de' Medici (1590-1621), and her mother-in-law, Grand Duchess Christine of Lorraine (1565-1636).
The Medici grand dukes were arguably the first political leaders in Europe to establish modern systems of urban planning and use cultural commissions to celebrate their accomplishments and secure their dynasty's future.
By 1569, when Cosimo convinced Pope Pius V to bestow on him the title of Grand Duke of Tuscany, he had expanded his totalitarian rule throughout the Tuscan territories, sometimes violently seizing control of neighboring cities.
The relations between the Medici grand dukes and an increasingly powerful nobility are explored in J.
Why do you think it is necessary to reconstruct the Palace of Lithuanian Grand Dukes in Vilnius?
Enthusiastically admired by the Medici, the grand dukes displayed in the octagonal Tribuna of the Uffizi examples of "inlaid brass" such as the beautiful covered box, incised and inlaid with silver and today in the Bargello in Florence.
The exhibition includes such documents as letters by Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas of 1323, the Act of Kreva of 1385, which created a dynastic union between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland, the Peace Treaty of Melno between the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Teutonic Order of 1422, the Papal Bull of Pope Gregory XIII confirming the foundation of Vilnius University in 1579, a 1948 underground publication by Lithuanian anti-Soviet guerrillas, the act of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Lithuania declaring the restoration of Lithuania's independence on March 11, 1990.
In 2000-2001, the Lithuanian Parliament adopted the law on reconstruction of the Palace of the Grand Dukes.
Gibbons reads the available documents both for her reconstruction and for a richer understanding of the commission and the connection between the Grimaldi family and the Medici Grand Dukes of Tuscany.
Probably the most important event will be the solemn official opening of the restored Palace of the Grand Dukes on July 6 (the State Day), a project led by the former President Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas.
Although Terpstra speculates that such mortality rates were likely due to congenital syphilis, the girls of the Pieta themselves, as Lucia Sandri has pointed out, had quite a different explanation: the extremely heavy workloads involved in making silk brocades and other products for the grand duke, and resulting catarrh and other symptoms, including blindness.