grandfather clause

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Related to Grandfather rights: Grandfathered in

grandfather clause,

provision in constitutions (adopted 1895–1910) of seven post–Reconstruction Southern states that exempted those persons who had been eligible to vote on Jan. 1, 1867, and their descendants from rigid economic and literacy requirements for voting. Since African Americans had not yet been enfranchised on that date, the provision effectively barred them from the polls while granting voting rights to poor and illiterate whites. Such provisions were ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1915. The term grandfather clause is now applied to any kind of legal exemption based on prior status.
References in periodicals archive ?
Federal law now regulates truck size and weight (TS&W) limits by specifying basic standards and excepting certain situations from those standards by grandfather rights and/or special permits," the study states.
Four of the current permit holders were guiding on the mountain at the time of the policy change and were given grandfather rights to continue their services.
Grandfather rights currently allow sprayer operators born before December 31, 1964, to apply pesticides without needing a certificate of competence, providing they use pesticides on a holding that they or their employer own or rent.
City and Guilds has a new qualification called "Safe Use of Pesticides, replacing Grandfather Rights.
CHANGES to so-called grandfather rights - exemptions to pesticide use for people above a certain age - are bitter-sweet, says the CLA in the North.