Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle

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Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de


(also Granvela, Antoine Perrenot de). Born Aug. 20, 1517, in Besançon; died Sept. 21, 1586, in Madrid. Spanish statesman, cardinal (1561).

From 1559 to 1564, Granyelle was the closest adviser of the Spanish regent in the Netherlands, Margaret of Parma. He carried out a policy directed at the enslavement and plundering of the Netherlands. Granvelle’s policy provoked indignation in the country and he was recalled to Spain. He was viceroy of Naples from 1571 to 1575, and after 1575 he was an especially trusted adviser of the Spanish king Philip II.

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He is quick to point out that humanists surely knew the paintings and owned prints, and that patrons such as Cardinal Granvelle, who owned non-comic Bruegel paintings but presumably constituted part of the audience for that group, in fact enjoyed a deep classical training and defended Erasmus against university theologians, and two of Bruegel's other wealthy patrons knew the classics, at least.
The greatest patron among the private collectors who supported his work was Cardinal Granvelle, an envoy of the Spanish court.
Master plasterer Christian Granvelle achieved a smooth, waxy finish that contrasts handsomely with the roughness of the concrete.
Arguing that Philip II had already solicited their contribution by asking for a piece of this same relic through Cardinal Granvelle, the obviously outraged ecclesiastics were inflexible.
The letters include those between Gabriele Giolito and Antoine Perrenot, later Cardinal Granvelle, as well as those from Gabriele Giolito to various other recipients, primarily his relative Lelio Montalerio, who also helped take care of some of Gabriele's business affairs in Mantua.
Lettere di artisti italiani ad Antonio Perrenot di Granvelle.
Primaticcio avidly purchased antique objects for his own collection, as his letter of 28 October 1549 to Antoine Perrenot, later the Cardinal of Granvelle, attests: Ferrarino, 59.
In them, Giovanni Battista alternately laments the lack of work, and then cannot supply Granvelle with drawings on time because he has suddenly been inundated with jobs from Cardinal Ercole.
Giovanni Battista writes that he made the drawings and bound them into a book, which in the end proved disappointing to Granvelle.
Granvelle seems to have found nothing offensive about the incident and went on to order more drawn copies of Mantuan sculptures and drawings.
There is no documentary evidence along the lines of the Granvelle letters to show that Diana's father tried to forge the same kind of connections for her that he made for his son.
Pighius's iconographic explication of an ancient statuette then in the possession of Cardinal Granvelle.