Comics

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Comics

 

a graphic storytelling genre; a series of drawings with short texts forming a connected narrative. The genre’s antecedents are generally considered to be W. Hogarth’s series of paintings (later engravings) A Harlot’s Progress (1730–31) and A Rake’s Progress (1732–35) and W. Busch’s drawings in the book Max und Moritz (1865).

Contemporary forms of comics appeared in newspapers in the 1890’s and became widespread in the 1930’s, particularly the comics of W. Disney, the well-known producer of animated films. By the mid-century, comics became one of the most popular genres of mass culture. Most contemporary comics are no longer humorous but tell stories with a variety of themes and subjects, such as the “wild west,” superhero adventure, jungle adventure, animals, crime (the most “mass” variety), war, romance, science fiction, pseudohistory, and classical literature in condensed and simplified form.

The glorification in some comics of violence, cruelty, national superiority, and aggressive valor as well as the vulgarization and debasement of the classics are symptoms of the chronic and growing malaise of contemporary mass culture. In order to safeguard children, a number of countries, including Great Britain, France, Sweden, and the Netherlands, have officially forbidden the distribution of horror comics.

The unusually broad circulation of comics and their influence on the mass reader have aroused concern among Western artists. A forum of cultural leaders from many European countries and America met in Italy in 1965 to discuss the future of the most “mass” genre (the journal Inostrannaia literatura, 1965, no. 9, pp. 252–58).

Progressive foreign periodicals like L’Humanité have systematically used comics to popularize the classics and the best of adventure literature, as well as to create stories about the adventures of comic and fantasy characters. J. Eiffel’s albums The Creation of the World (3 vols., 1951–53) are an original form of comics. The Soviet children’s magazine Veselye kartinki (published by the CC of the Communist Youth League since 1956) often uses comics.

REFERENCE

Daniels, L. Comix: A History of Comic Books in America. New York [1971].
References in periodicals archive ?
In Vietnamerica, different visual elements within a graphic narrative expand notions of personal and cultural history, of memory itself, with topographical renderings of real places as well as "mind maps," buried histories which emerge in visual renderings.
While literary studies of graphic narratives continue to grapple with challenges around cross-writing and cultural legitimacy, audience studies research rooted in cultural studies approaches and educational studies of digital literacies position the study of comics increasingly in relation to the cultures of young people.
Braiding Lilas tale of personal assimilation with that of the momentous historical context in which she grows up, Darkroom exemplifies "how graphic narrative is uniquely positioned, as a visual literature, to deal with issues of race, gender, sexuality and ethnic prejudice" (Jakaitis and Wurtz 19).
There is perhaps no literary form as well suited to mapping ruptures and sutures in time and space caused by political violence and atrocity as graphic narrative.
Giving the graphic narrative of the entire " visit," he said, " They started with Ankita's flat in Taleigao locality.
It considers the moral and social costs of unregulated corporate capitalism and considers the Occupy movement, and blends investigative reporting with graphic narrative to focus on five segments of the story, from an Indian reservation in South Dakota that lives in poverty and addiction to Camden, New Jersey: the poorest urban area in the country.
Following comics scholars like Hilary Chute, American Jewish critics have embraced the new formalist perspective--close readings that trace a history of avant-garde, formal experimentation in the medium--in which the perfect-bound "alternative" graphic narrative is privileged over the staple-bound and/or juvenile-oriented products of both the commercial comic book industry and Jewish publishers like ArtScroll.
The reader will find that our understanding of political, as we apply it to the various essays in this special issue, is broad in scope, relating not only to affairs of state, but the praxis of graphic narrative and the ways it impacts individual identity and community dynamics.
Multi-Ethnic Engagements with Graphic Narrative," MELUS, Vol.
Authors Sid Jacobson and Ernie Colon are publishing a graphic narrative titled, "After 9/11.
The exhibit is part of "Storytelling 2007," a year-long celebration of graphic narrative commemorating the centennial of the birth of "Terry and the Pirates"/"Steve Canyon" cartoonist Milton Caniff.
Brendan Whiting provides a carefully researched and graphic narrative of their ordeals and subsequent lives.