Geographic Information System

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Geographic Information System

(application)
(GIS) A computer system for capturing, storing, checking, integrating, manipulating, analysing and displaying data related to positions on the Earth's surface. Typically, a GIS is used for handling maps of one kind or another. These might be represented as several different layers where each layer holds data about a particular kind of feature (e.g. roads). Each feature is linked to a position on the graphical image of a map.

Layers of data are organised to be studied and to perform statistical analysis (i.e. a layer of customer locations could include fields for Name, Address, Contact, Number, Area). Uses are primarily government related, town planning, local authority and public utility management, environmental, resource management, engineering, business, marketing, and distribution.

GIS dictionary.

http://ncl.ac.uk/~ngraphic/wotzagis.html.
References in periodicals archive ?
With the new SpatialWorks component, Object/FX will prove the power of object technology and Graphical Information Systems on the Web.
In 1970, Preuss founded Integrated Software Systems Corporation, a leading supplier of graphical information systems in the 1970's and 1980's, where he served as president and chairman until 1986.
The Moscow-based company consists of three divisions: IBS Banking and Retail Systems, which specializes in logistics as well as retail banking; IBS Network Solutions, which has formed a strategic partnership with 3COM to handle large networking infrastructure projects; and the IBS Graphics technology division, which specializes in graphical information systems.

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