Graphical User Interface

(redirected from Graphical tool)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

graphical user interface

[¦graf·ə·kəl ‚yü·zər ′in·tər‚fās]
(computer science)
A user interface in which program features are represented by icons that the user can access and manipulate with a pointing device. Abbreviated GUI.

Graphical User Interface

(operating system)
(GUI) The use of pictures rather than just words to represent the input and output of a program. A program with a GUI runs under some windowing system (e.g. The X Window System, MacOS, Microsoft Windows, Acorn RISC OS, NEXTSTEP). The program displays certain icons, buttons, dialogue boxes, etc. in its windows on the screen and the user controls it mainly by moving a pointer on the screen (typically controlled by a mouse) and selecting certain objects by pressing buttons on the mouse while the pointer is pointing at them. This contrasts with a command line interface where communication is by exchange of strings of text.

Windowing systems started with the first real-time graphic display systems for computers, namely the SAGE Project nd Ivan Sutherland's Sketchpad (1963). Douglas Engelbart's Augmentation of Human Intellect project at SRI in the 1960s developed the On-Line System, which incorporated a mouse-driven cursor and multiple windows. Several people from Engelbart's project went to Xerox PARC in the early 1970s, most importantly his senior engineer, Bill English. The Xerox PARC team established the WIMP concept, which appeared commercially in the Xerox 8010 (Star) system in 1981.

Beginning in 1980(?), led by Jef Raskin, the Macintosh team at Apple Computer (which included former members of the Xerox PARC group) continued to develop such ideas in the first commercially successful product to use a GUI, the Apple Macintosh, released in January 1984. In 2001 Apple introduced Mac OS X.

Microsoft modeled the first version of Windows, released in 1985, on Mac OS. Windows was a GUI for MS-DOS that had been shipped with IBM PC and compatible computers since 1981. Apple sued Microsoft over infringement of the look-and-feel of the MacOS. The court case ran for many years.

[Wikipedia].
References in periodicals archive ?
Graphical tool for administrators for processing applications and admission of l
The Pro version adds graphical tools intended to simplify deployment, administration and management.
Among the enhancements to the Toolkit are graphical tools, special utilities and Newton Book Maker -- a new tool for publishers which facilitates the creation of electronic books.
To provide this capability, Starbridge and Impulse have jointly developed a Platform Support Package that allows the Impulse C-to-FPGA compiler tools to generate hardware descriptions (in the form of VHDL and Verilog output files) that are compatible with the Viva graphical tools.
SILICON GRAPHICS UNVEILS NEW GRAPHICAL TOOLS FOR NETWORKS
Open source projects have characteristically lacked easy-to-learn graphical tools, which has been a barrier in the adoption of open source based SOA and business integration solutions in the enterprise," said Alex Fletcher, founder of and lead analyst at Entiva Group, Inc.
The JMP genomics products add interactive graphical tools that allow scientists to picture relationships and genomic areas of interest," said Mike Lelivelt, Senior Manager of Informatics Applications at Affymetrix.

Full browser ?