Gray, John

Gray, John

 

Born 1798; died 1850. English petit bourgeois economist and Utopian socialist; follower of R. Owen.

In the pamphlet Lecture on Human Happiness (1825) and in his primary work, Social System (1831), Gray exposed capitalist exploitations, asserting that the producing classes receive only an insignificant part (one-fifth) of their labor, while the rest is appropriated by the nonproducing classes. He defended small private enterprises and holdings operating by the labor of their owner. He saw socialization of exchange as the solution to all social problems. In that, he differed from Owen, who advocated the socialization of all production and distribution. According to Gray, exploitation could be destroyed through the creation of a national bank that would issue so-called workers’ money, supposedly capable of ensuring equivalent exchange and the right of the working masses to the full product of their labor. The weakness of these ideas and their petit bourgeois character were exposed by Marx in the work Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (see K. Marx and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 13. pp. 67–70).

WORKS

Sochineniia. Moscow. 1955. (Translated from English.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Scotland team: Stuart Hogg;, Blair Kinghorn, Huw Jones, Sean Maitland, Peter Horne; Finn Russsell, Greig Laidlaw; Gordon Reid, Stuart McInally, Simon Berghan, Grant Gilchrist, Jonny Gray, John Barclay, Hamish Watson, Ryan Wilson
Scotland: Stuart Hogg (Glasgow Warriors); Tommy Seymour (Glasgow Warriors), Chris Harris (Newcastle Falcons), Huw Jones (Glasgow Warriors), Byron McGuigan (Sale Sharks); Finn Russell (Glasgow Warriors), Ali Price (Glasgow Warriors); Gordon Reid (London Irish), Stuart McInally (Edinburgh), Jon Welsh (Newcastle Falcons), Ben Toolis (Edinburgh), Jonny Gray, John Barclay (Scarlets, captain), Hamish Watson (Edinburgh), Cornell du Preez (Edinburgh).
Two tries from Byron McGuigan and scores by Sean Maitland, Ali Price, Huw Jones, Jonny Gray, John Barclay and Stuart McInally did the damage as the Aussies had Sekope Kepu red-carded just before the interval.
Bronze - Harrison Short, Lewis Gray, John Lloyd, Kieron Hardaker, Tony Harvey, Erica Watson, Neomi Young, Charlie Clarke, Daniel Watson, Real Thoophome, Rhys Hardaker.
Anthony Stokes, Jason Cummings, Lewis Stevenson, David Gray, John McGinn, Kevin Thomson and Darren McGregor took over from Paul Hanlon, James Keatings, Chris Dagnall, Marvin Bartley, Dan Carmichael, Niklas Gunnarsson and Martin Boyle.
Scotland: Stuart Hogg, Sean Maitland, Mark Bennett, Matt Scott, Tommy Seymour, Finn Russell, Greig Laidlaw (capt); Al Dickinson, Ross Ford, WP Nel, Richie Gray, Jonny Gray, John Barclay, John Hardie, David Denton.
I'm a fan of all of them: Spalding Gray, John Leguizamo, Charlayne Woodard, Josh Kornbluth, Julia Sweeney, Lisa Kron's 2.
WREXHAM: Liam Sharpe, Liam Walsh, Matt Cook, Ross White, Aaron Simpson, Iwan Cartwright, Joel Logan, James Caton, Kayden Jackson, James Gray, John Cofie.
Town's team for the second of their defeats by Halifax was Dick Taylor, Graeme McGifford, Paul Garner, Terry Gray, John Saunders, Terry Dolan, Martin Fowler, Steve Smith, skipper Gowling, Mick Fairclough and Lloyd Maitland.
Mel Gray, John Coates, and Tiani Hetherington, eds.
Star names included Geoff Palmer, George Berry, Kenny Hibbitt, Willie Carr, Andy Gray, John Richards, Colin Brazier, Norman Bell and Wayne Clarke while our assistant manager at the time, Richie Barker, was also in attendance.
Thriller, starring Jack Warner, Nadia Gray, John McCallum and Christopher Lee.