Graz


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Graz

(gräts), city (1991 pop. 237,810), capital of Styria prov., SE Austria, on the Mur River. The second largest city in Austria, it is an industrial, rail, and cultural center. Manufactures include automobiles, precision and optical instruments, machinery, paper, textiles, and chemicals. Probably founded in the 12th cent., Graz is built around the Schlossberg, a mountain peak with the ruins of a 15th-century fortress and the famous Uhrturm [clock tower]. The city has a 15th-century Gothic cathedral; several medieval churches (13th–15th cent.); and a twin-naved Gothic parish church that contains Tintoretto's Assumption of the Virgin. The Landhaus [provincial parliament] dates from the 16th cent. The Johanneum museum (founded 1811) is one of the finest provincial museums in Austria; the Künstlerhaus, in a postwar modernist building, showcases exhibitions of contemporary art. The city is the site of six universities; most notable is the new university (built 1890–95), known for medical studies. The astronomer Johannes KeplerKepler, Johannes
, 1571–1630, German astronomer. From his student days at the Univ. of Tübingen, he was influenced by the Copernican teachings. From 1593 to 1598 he was professor of mathematics at Graz and while there wrote his Mysterium cosmographicum (1596).
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 taught at the state university in Graz (founded in the 16th cent.). Emperor Ferdinand IIFerdinand II,
1578–1637, Holy Roman emperor (1619–37), king of Bohemia (1617–37) and of Hungary (1618–37); successor of Holy Roman Emperor Matthias.
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 is buried in Graz.

Graz

 

a city in Austria, at the southeastern foot of the Styr-ian Alps, on the Mur River where it flows out of the mountains into the plain. Administrative center of the province of Styria. Population, 253,000 (1968).

Owing to its favorable geographical position in relation to the routes connecting central European cities with the Adriatic Sea, Graz has become an important transport junction. In economic terms it is the second most important city of the country (after the capital. Vienna). Industries include a transportation workshop and producers of agricultural machinery, precision-engineering optical goods, and mining, metallurgical, and energy-production machinery. Chemical, glass, leather, food, textile, and printing industries are also located in Graz. There is a university (founded in 1586). The two sides of the river are connected by seven bridges.

On the left bank of the Mur River, on the Schlossberg (a prominent hill), are the ruins of a fortress, surrounded by the old parts of Graz with its circular layout. On the right bank of the Mur are the industrial regions. There are many old residential houses in Graz (Gothic and Renaissance periods), the late Gothic cathedral (1438–62), the bishop’s palace (13th century; rebuilt in 1781–82), the Landhaus (the building of the local government of the Land of Styria; 1557–65, by the architect D. dell’Allio), and the provincial museum of Styria, the Museum Joanneum.

REFERENCE

Semetkowski, W. Graz: Ein Führer durch die Stadt. Graz-Vienna-Cologne. 1968.

Graz

an industrial city in SE Austria, capital of Styria province: the second largest city in the country. Pop.: 226 244 (2001)
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