Grazzini, Antonio Francesco

Grazzini, Antonio Francesco

(äntô`nyō fränchā`skō grät-tsē`nē), 1503–84, Italian author, one of the founders of the Accademia della CruscaAccademia della Crusca
[Ital.,=academy of the chaff], Italian literary society founded in Florence in 1582 to maintain the purity of the language. Leonardo Salviati, influenced by Pietro Bembo, and the poet Grazzini formed the society to unify literary Italian on the model of
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 (1550). He was an apothecary by trade. As a founder of the Accademia degli Umidi, each of whose members had to assume the name of a fish, he took the name Il Lasca [the roach]. He is best known for Le Cene [the suppers], tales of Florentine life. He also wrote comedies of intrigue and burlesque verses in the style of Francesco Berni in which he attacked Petrarchan humanism.
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