Great Dismal Swamp


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Great Dismal Swamp,

SE Va. and NE N.C. With dense forests and tangled undergrowth, the wetlands are a favorite site for sportsmen and naturalists. It once may have covered nearly 2,200 sq mi (5,700 sq km) but has been reduced by drainage to less than 600 sq mi (1,550 sq km). The swamp bottom is composed of organic material deposited by fallen trees and other vegetation. Its forests still contain valuable timber, despite the lumbering and fires that have plagued the area. Lake Drummond, c.3 mi (4.8 km) in diameter, in the center of the swamp, is its highest elevation.

From the early 1600s until the end of the Civil War, the largely impenetrable area was a refuge first for Native Americans fleeing European settlers and soon for Africans and African-Americans fleeing slavery. Great Dismal Swamp was surveyed in 1763 by George Washington, who was a member of a company organized to drain it. Dismal Swamp Canal, 22 mi (36 km) long, part of the Intracoastal WaterwayIntracoastal Waterway,
c.3,000 mi (4,827 km) long, partly natural, partly artificial, providing sheltered passage for commercial and leisure boats along the U.S. Atlantic coast from Boston, Mass. to Key West, S Fla., and along the Gulf of Mexico coast from Apalachee Bay, NW Fla.
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, was completed in 1828 and connects Chesapeake Bay with Albemarle Sound. The swamp is the scene of Harriet Beecher StoweStowe, Harriet Beecher,
1811–96, American novelist and humanitarian, b. Litchfield, Conn. With her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, she stirred the conscience of Americans concerning slavery and thereby influenced the course of American history.
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's novel Dred.

Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, c.112,000 acres (45,325 hectares), lies west of Dismal Swamp Canal in Virginia and North Carolina, and includes Lake Drummond. The refuge was established in 1974. Dismal Swamp State Park borders the refuge on the southeast in North Carolina.

References in periodicals archive ?
78% of the litter was leaves and only 3% was reproductive parts for baldcypress (70-95 yrs old) in the Great Dismal Swamp, Virginia (Gomez & Day 1982).
After almost 40 years of project gridlock and many starts and stops, a road in Virginia's Great Dismal Swamp is nearing completion.
With this hatred bubbling inside her, Kerry leaves her life as a college student and seeks out Daniel's mother in the Great Dismal Swamp of Virginia.
One segment of the tribe took refuge in the Great Dismal Swamp while another went to live among the Nottoways and Meherrins.
Sandy's escape and virtual disappearance also call to mind bands of escaped slaves who lived in wilderness areas like North Carolina's Great Dismal Swamp or the Florida Everglades, and who in the case of the latter were often adopted into the Seminole tribe (Boles 234).
In addition, ECSU professors are developing interdisciplinary modules for preservice teachers focused on analysis of research data collected in the nearby Great Dismal Swamp.
In 1763, he visited the Great Dismal Swamp on the eastern border of Virginia and North Carolina, separating the Chesapeake Bay and Albemarle Sound.
Not that there's much of a demand for such amenities-except for pickup trucks loaded for hunting and fishing in the nearby woods and waterways of the Great Dismal Swamp, most traffic bypasses the town to the east.
After leaving Chesapeake Bay and Hampton Roads, the inland water route slices through the Great Dismal Swamp, and rather than being bleak and forbidding as its name suggests, it proved to be a lovely cypress-tree wetland setting for brown pelicans, snowy egrets, great blue herons, white ibis, kingfishers, and laughing gulls.
In the Great Dismal Swamp along the Virginia-North Carolina border, highway engineers are upgrading a two-lane road on the swamp's eastern border.
Returning home, she published another antislavery novel in 1856, Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp.
The Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway, which stretches from Maine to Florida, passes through Chesapeake, and the Great Dismal Swamp Canal, part of that Waterway, is listed on the National Register of Historic Landmarks as the oldest man-made canal in the U.