Great Dismal Swamp


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Great Dismal Swamp,

SE Va. and NE N.C. With dense forests and tangled undergrowth, the wetlands are a favorite site for sportsmen and naturalists. It once may have covered nearly 2,200 sq mi (5,700 sq km) but has been reduced by drainage to less than 600 sq mi (1,550 sq km). The swamp bottom is composed of organic material deposited by fallen trees and other vegetation. Its forests still contain valuable timber, despite the lumbering and fires that have plagued the area. Lake Drummond, c.3 mi (4.8 km) in diameter, in the center of the swamp, is its highest elevation.

From the early 1600s until the end of the Civil War, the largely impenetrable area was a refuge first for Native Americans fleeing European settlers and soon for Africans and African-Americans fleeing slavery. Great Dismal Swamp was surveyed in 1763 by George Washington, who was a member of a company organized to drain it. Dismal Swamp Canal, 22 mi (36 km) long, part of the Intracoastal WaterwayIntracoastal Waterway,
c.3,000 mi (4,827 km) long, partly natural, partly artificial, providing sheltered passage for commercial and leisure boats along the U.S. Atlantic coast from Boston, Mass. to Key West, S Fla., and along the Gulf of Mexico coast from Apalachee Bay, NW Fla.
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, was completed in 1828 and connects Chesapeake Bay with Albemarle Sound. The swamp is the scene of Harriet Beecher StoweStowe, Harriet Beecher,
1811–96, American novelist and humanitarian, b. Litchfield, Conn. With her novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, she stirred the conscience of Americans concerning slavery and thereby influenced the course of American history.
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's novel Dred.

Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, c.112,000 acres (45,325 hectares), lies west of Dismal Swamp Canal in Virginia and North Carolina, and includes Lake Drummond. The refuge was established in 1974. Dismal Swamp State Park borders the refuge on the southeast in North Carolina.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Great Dismal Swamp Major Route Alternative: Proposed at the request of the U.
78% of the litter was leaves and only 3% was reproductive parts for baldcypress (70-95 yrs old) in the Great Dismal Swamp, Virginia (Gomez & Day 1982).
17 widening project in southeastern Virginia adjoining the world-renowned Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge includes a donation of 307 hectares (758 acres) of wetlands, construction of a bear crossing, and installation of culverts that will serve as crossings for smaller wildlife.
In 1763, he visited the Great Dismal Swamp on the eastern border of Virginia and North Carolina, separating the Chesapeake Bay and Albemarle Sound.
In the Great Dismal Swamp along the Virginia-North Carolina border, highway engineers are upgrading a two-lane road on the swamp's eastern border.
The two groups have also partnered to protect and restore a 1,000-acre in-holding in the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge in southern Virginia.
7, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's research in unmanned aerial systems (UAS) may soon provide a means for early detection and mitigation of fires in the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, a nearly 50,000-square-acre region centered on the Virginia-North Carolina border.
Badger presents a natural and human history of the swamps and wetlands of the mid-Atlantic coast, with a focus on the Pocomoke River and the Great Dismal Swamp.
In Tidewater the term "forest" usually brings to mind the thickness of the Great Dismal Swamp Refuge, a forest so thick that even refuge workers get lost just footsteps away from their vehicles.
Harriet Beecher Stowe (Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp, 1856) culls from various subjects and subject matter to create Nat Turner as an "antihero" whom she names Dred.
The Hilton Garden Inn Chesapeake/Suffolk is ideally situated near the Great Dismal Swamp, National Wildlife Refuge, Suffolk Center for Cultural Arts, Virginia Beach, historic Williamsburg and Suffolk," said Amy Chen, hotel general manager.
Improving water flow in the Great Dismal Swamp is a positive step for the health of the ecosystem and for local air quality.