Great Flood

Great Flood

 

in the mythology of a number of peoples “god’s punishment” sent upon humanity or on all living things on earth. The first mention of the myth of the great flood, which dates from the first half of the second millennium B.C., is to be found among the Sumerian: righteous Ziusudra, who is saved in a large ship, is the only one to survive the flood sent by the gods to destroy “the seed of the human race.” In the Akkadian epic about Gilgamesh (from the middle of the second millennium B.C.), Utnapishtim, saving himself from the flood, takes “the seed of every living thing” with him in the ship that he built on the advice of the god Ea. In the fragments of another Akkadian epic, the Atrahasis epic, the sending of the flood is motivated by the fact that the noise of the human multitudes disturbs the sleep of Enlil, the god of air. According to the Hebrew myth (Old Testament), the great flood is sent because of grave sins and obliterates “every living thing from the face of the earth” except the righteous Noah and his family and a pair “of every kind of flesh”—seven pairs of clean animals, seven pairs of unclean animals, and seven pairs of birds. They are saved in an ark built by Noah in accordance with divine command. The variants of the Near Eastern myth about the great flood probably reflect in mythologized form an immense inundation that occurred in the Tigris and Euphrates valleys at the beginning of the third millennium B.C. The biblical myth of the great flood became the basis for the Muslim and Mandaean variants. A number of scholars believe that the ancient Greek myth of the great flood has its genesis in Mesopotamia. Analogous myths also exist in Chinese and Mayan myths. An analogy of the great flood myth is the ancient Iranian myth of a severe cold and inundation after the 1,000-year rule of King Yima.

References in classic literature ?
I felt assured now of what it was, and from the bottom of my heart I pitied this last feeble rill from the great flood of humanity.
Subsequently to the drought of 1827 to 1832, a very rainy season followed which caused great floods.
Queen Eleanor sat in her royal bower, through the open casements of which poured the sweet yellow sunshine in great floods of golden light.
When historians revisit the great flood of New Orleans this will be the great shame--the order to value property over human life--to value the property of the wealthy over the lives of the poor.
An author's note at the end observes that more than three hundred cultures throughout the world refer to a story of a great flood in the distant past.
A is for Ark: Noah's Journey is an alphabet book that combines the basic letters with the Biblical tale of Noah's voyage to save all the animal species on Earth from a great flood.
The same cross-cultural approach can be taken to teach the myth of the great flood, versions of which can be found in Greek, Indian, and Babylonian epics in addition to the Biblical story in the book of Genesis.
Perhaps Hahn is secretly hoping for a great flood, one that washes out the middle-class malcontents on the Valley floor, thus bringing peace and a waterfront view to the more enlightened souls up in the hills.
And the Environmental Agency revealed: "We know that geographically the flooding covers a bigger area than the Great Flood of 1947 when 700,000 acres were under water.
The poem makes clear parallels to the Bible, particularly the great flood which covered the planet.
Chris Dwyer and Ollie McPhail got favourite backers off to a flying start in the two-mile seller with 2-1 'jolly' The Great Flood.
NOAH CHANCE: A MODERN Noah in Florida has spent four years building an ark, believing that a second Great Flood will hit on November 16.