Alföld

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Alföld

(ôl`föld), Hun. Nagy-Alföld [Great Alföld], great central plain of Hungary extending into Serbia and W Romania. The level region is drained by the Tisza and Danube rivers. Formerly wooded, the Alföld gradually became a steppe region as the Magyar and then the Mongol invaders (13th cent.) cut down many trees, exposing the soil to dry winds. Grasslands covered most of the Alföld until the late 19th cent., when extensive irrigation and drainage projects transformed parts of it into fertile farmland; grains, vegetables, feed crops, and livestock are now raised. The Alföld, on a primary invasion route to Europe, has been the scene of many major battles. The Little Alföld (Hun. Kis-Alföld) is located in NW Hungary and extends into S Slovakia and Austria.

Alföld

 

(from Hungarian alfold, lowland), lowlands in Hungary, leading into the middle Danube Valley. In the broad sense an alföld is a valley with fertile soil suitable for growing grain (as opposed to puszta, which are pasturelands).

References in periodicals archive ?
The present study proposes a revised chronological and interpretative framework for the Copper Age of the Great Hungarian Plain based on the new methods.
The social organization of Early Copper Age tribes on the Great Hungarian Plain (British Archaeologial Reports international series 1573).
In this study, Erika Gal has collated the avian remains from 27 Neolithic and 15 Chalcolithic sites within eastern Romania and the Great Hungarian Plain.
These statistics are important for understanding different deposition traditions in different parts of Europe; one can contrast them with those for Britain and Ireland, for instance, where swords almost never appear in graves, or with the Great Hungarian plain, where large numbers occur in hoards.
In retrospect, these efforts can be rightly seen as the opening of the modern era of collaborative research on the Great Hungarian Plain.
Ecsegfalva 23, a small Koros culture site in the centre of the Great Hungarian Plain, occupied, most likely permanently, between 5800 and 5700 cal BC (Whittle forthcoming; Whittle 2000; Bronk Ramsey et al.
One of the best areas to study this transition is the Great Hungarian Plain, where nucleated Neolithic tells (c.
On the southern part of the Great Hungarian Plain, along the River Tisza and especially in its tributaries to the east, the Early Neolithic Koros culture (c.
The Kelemer region of northeastern Hungary [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 1 OMITTED] is approximately 60 km north of the Great Hungarian Plain.
Their name translates a Southern Plains Saxophone Ensemble and they come from the Great Hungarian Plains.
Her mother's people had lost their wealth but enjoyed the support of the community of a solid Protestant town with fierce parochial loyalties, out in the great Hungarian plains.