Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park


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Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park,

c.13,500 sq mi (35,000 sq km; roughly the size of Belgium), the largest multinational park in S Africa and one of the largest parks in the world, in NE South Africa, SW Mozambique, and SE Zimbabwe; est. beginning 2002. Not yet fully opened, it incorporates three existing parks: South Africa's Kruger National Park, Mozambique's Limpopo Park, and Zimbabwe's Gonarezhou National Park. Geographically, the park consists of a broad swath of flat granitic savannah, bisected north to south by the Lebombo mountain range and drained by four west to east river systems, the LimpopoLimpopo
, river, c.1,100 mi (1,770 km) long, rising in Limpopo prov., South Africa. It flows in a great arc, first north (forming part of the South Africa–Botswana border), then east (forming the South Africa–Zimbabwe border), and finally southeast through Mozambique
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, Save, Olifants, and Kornati. A broader transfrontier conservation area surrounds the core area.

Parts of the area have been inhabited since the Stone Age, mainly along the rivers, and a number of villages are found within the park, which was formed to promote biodiversity conservation and provide socioeconomic betterment to communites in and around it. The park protects a wide variety of animal life including lions, leopards, elephants, rhinoceros, hippopotamuses, water buffalo, zebra, wildebeest, giraffes, impalas and other antelopes, and many species of birds and fish. In the last decades of the 20th cent. Mozambique experienced a long and bloody civil war, which took a vast toll on its wildlife. As part of the park's establishment, South Africa transferred some 5,000 animals, including many elephants and some rhinoceroses, from Kruger to the Mozambique section, but poaching has since killed off some of the transferred animals.

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References in periodicals archive ?
The Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park (GLTP) is the world's only tourist project designed for the 21st century's active leisure industry.
While impressive in its own right, the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park is only one of six peace parks (or TFCAs) planned for the borderlands of South Africa.
Collaborative stakeholder planning in cross-border regions: the case of the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park in Southern Africa, Maha Doppelfeld