Great Salt Lake


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Related to Great Salt Lake: Bonneville Salt Flats

Great Salt Lake,

shallow body of saltwater, NW Utah, between the Wasatch Range on the east and the Great Salt Lake Desert on the west; largest salt lake in North America. Fed by the Weber, Jordan, and Bear rivers, the lake varies greatly in size and depth according to weather changes. Its average depth ranges from 13 to 24 ft (4 to 7.3 m). From 1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km) in the period between 1955 and 1975, the lake expanded to its modern maximum of almost 2,500 sq mi (6,477 sq km) by the mid-1980s. Storage of spring run-off in reservoirs to meet domestic and industrial demands for water have contributed to seasonal lake shrinkage. The salt content, nearly 10% at its greatest, increases as the water level decreases. Magnesium chloride, potash, and common salt are commercially extracted from the lake. The heavy brine supports no life except brine shrimp and colonial algae. The Great Salt Lake is a remnant of prehistoric Lake Bonneville, which covered an extensive area of the Great Basin and was once c.1,000 ft (305 m) deep. Its various levels are marked by former beachlines on the mountains and by rich soil deposits on the terraces to the east, where irrigated farming is practiced. Antelope and Fremont islands are the largest islands in the lake; the smaller islands are rookeries for sea gulls and other birds. Promontory Point, a mountainous peninsula 20 mi (32 km) long, extends into the lake from the north; a railroad cutoff on a causeway passes through the neck as it crosses the lake and the Great Salt Lake Desert from Ogden to Lucin, Utah. The Bonneville Salt Flats, in the western part of the desert, is a world-famous automobile racing ground. In 1845 the U.S. explorer John FrémontFrémont, John Charles,
1813–90, American explorer, soldier, and political leader, b. Savannah, Ga. He taught mathematics to U.S. naval cadets, then became an assistant on a surveying expedition (1838–39) between the upper Mississippi River and the Missouri.
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 became the first person to cross the salt desert.

Bibliography

See D. L. Morgan, The Great Salt Lake (1986); H. Stansbury, Exploration of the Valley of the Great Salt Lake (1988).

Great Salt Lake

a shallow salt lake in NW Utah, in the Great Basin at an altitude of 1260 m (4200 ft.): the area has fluctuated from less than 2500 sq. km (1000 sq. miles) to over 5000 sq. km (2000 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
There's a lot of area out here: in fact, you can walk two miles from one parking area before you hit the Great Salt Lake, and it's all emergent vegetation marsh.
In a development that has alarmed art followers around the world, oil developers are returning to the Great Salt Lake, mere miles from Jetty.
Prospect--a parcel in the North Arm of the Great Salt Lake leased in
Baxter leads kayak trips on the Great Salt Lake and hopes that getting people out onto the water will foster a sense of stewardship for the unique, fragile ecosystem there.
Best known for Spiral Jetty, a monumental curlicue of basalt extending into Utah's Great Salt Lake, Smithson was a radical who enjoyed musing on nature and the cosmos.
The Great Salt Lake is all that is left of the much greater Lake Bonneville, the ancient lake that covered some 20,000 square miles, and ran to a depth of 1,000 feet.
The wagon train sets out in May of 1844; their mission is to discover whether their church's men, women, and children can survive the 1200 mile journey from Illinois to the Great Salt Lake of Utah.
50) features The Morman Pioneer Trails: From Nauvoo, Illinois, to The Great Salt Lake, Utah; The Old Spanish Trail: From Santa Fe, New Mexico, To Los Angeles, Calfironia; The Oregon Trail; From Independence, Missouri, To Oregon City, Oregon; The Overland Trail: From Atchison, Kansas, To Ft.
5 million tons of salt from the Great Salt Lake desert in Utah each year.
Smithson's conceptual affront to the gallery system, funded by the Virginia Dwan Gallery of New York, was inundated soon after completion, rather unexpectedly, by the rising waters of the Great Salt Lake.
Her recent work experiences include a soil science laboratory study project concerning constructed wetlands; computer modeling research in an effort to find a dynamical model for the hydraulic properties of the Great Salt Lake water basin; and involvement with the state's department of transportation project for a highway off-ramp using erosion resistant methods.

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