Great Salt Lake


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Related to Great Salt Lake: Bonneville Salt Flats

Great Salt Lake,

shallow body of saltwater, NW Utah, between the Wasatch Range on the east and the Great Salt Lake Desert on the west; largest salt lake in North America. Fed by the Weber, Jordan, and Bear rivers, the lake varies greatly in size and depth according to weather changes. Its average depth ranges from 13 to 24 ft (4 to 7.3 m). From 1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km) in the period between 1955 and 1975, the lake expanded to its modern maximum of almost 2,500 sq mi (6,477 sq km) by the mid-1980s. Storage of spring run-off in reservoirs to meet domestic and industrial demands for water have contributed to seasonal lake shrinkage. The salt content, nearly 10% at its greatest size, increases as the water level decreases. Magnesium chloride, potash, and common salt are commercially extracted from the lake. The heavy brine supports no life except brine shrimp and colonial algae. The Great Salt Lake is a remnant of prehistoric Lake Bonneville, which covered an extensive area of the Great Basin and was once c.1,000 ft (305 m) deep. Its various levels are marked by former beachlines on the mountains and by rich soil deposits on the terraces to the east, where irrigated farming is practiced. Antelope and Fremont islands are the largest islands in the lake; the smaller islands are rookeries for sea gulls and other birds. Promontory Point, a mountainous peninsula 20 mi (32 km) long, extends into the lake from the north; a railroad cutoff on a causeway passes through the neck as it crosses the lake and the Great Salt Lake Desert from Ogden to Lucin, Utah. The Bonneville Salt Flats, in the western part of the desert, is a world-famous automobile racing ground. In 1845 the U.S. explorer John FrémontFrémont, John Charles,
1813–90, American explorer, soldier, and political leader, b. Savannah, Ga. He taught mathematics to U.S. naval cadets, then became an assistant on a surveying expedition (1838–39) between the upper Mississippi River and the Missouri.
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 became the first person to cross the salt desert.

Bibliography

See D. L. Morgan, The Great Salt Lake (1986); H. Stansbury, Exploration of the Valley of the Great Salt Lake (1988).

Great Salt Lake

a shallow salt lake in NW Utah, in the Great Basin at an altitude of 1260 m (4200 ft.): the area has fluctuated from less than 2500 sq. km (1000 sq. miles) to over 5000 sq. km (2000 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
This lease exchange agreement is part of our long-term plan to develop our key potash specialty fertilizer segment and is consistent with our strategy to leverage our advantageous location on the Great Salt Lake," said Angelo Brisimitzakis, president and chief executive officer of Compass Minerals.
Air Force installation on a remote shore of the Great Salt Lake.
Brisimitzakis, presenters at the analyst meeting included the leaders of Compass Minerals' businesses: Ronald Bryan, vice president and general manager, Great Salt Lake Minerals and Compass Minerals UK; Jerry Bucan, vice president and general manager, consumer and industrial; and Keith Clark, vice president and general manager, North American highway.
In November 2001, IMC Global sold its Salt and Great Salt Lake (GSL) businesses to Compass Minerals, an entity formed by affiliates of Apollo Management, L.
When floods in 1983 created an abrupt rise in the Great Salt Lake, Layton Construction was awarded the contract to build massive pumps on the salt flats that would forever protect the citizens of Salt Lake City from imminent inundation.
The late writer Wallace Stegner loved this island tucked along the eastern edge of the Great Salt Lake.
CONTACT: Great Salt Lake Adventures, (801)782-4642, www.
The Great Salt Lake (GSL), Utah, is near the northern extent of the wintering range of North American dabbling ducks (Anas spp.
He said the mountains on both sides, birds from Great Salt Lake, winter weather, the flight path of the South Valley Regional Airport and Hill Air Force Base make our airspace quite complex and technically challenging to controllers.
YOU HEAR ALL KINDS OF ECLECTIC descriptions of duck hunting on the Great Salt Lake, in it's oh-so-many forms.
The tablets are also powered by ConcenTrace, a complex of more than 72 naturally occurring ionic trace minerals from the Great Salt Lake to help provide a full spectrum of minerals and trace minerals.
The earthwork ''Spiral Jetty'' sculpture on the shore of the Great Salt Lake, for example, is on land leased from the state.

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