Great Wall of China


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

China, Great Wall of:

see Great Wall of ChinaGreat Wall of China,
series of fortifications, c.3,890 mi (6,260 km) long (not including trenches and natural defensive barriers), winding across N China from Gansu prov. to Liaoning prov.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Great Wall of China,

series of fortifications, c.3,890 mi (6,260 km) long (not including trenches and natural defensive barriers), winding across N China from Gansu prov. to Liaoning prov. The wall, running mostly along the southern edge of the Mongolian plain, was erected to protect China from northern nomads. It is an amalgamation of many walls built in ancient times; the first unified wall was built in the 3d cent. B.C. by the Ch'inCh'in
, dynasty of China, which ruled from 221 B.C. to 206 B.C. The word China is derived from Ch'in, the first dynasty to unify the country by conquering the warring feudal states of the late Chou period.
..... Click the link for more information.
 dynasty. Laborers were conscripted from all over China to build it, and many of them died during the project. The wall's present form dates substantially from the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), and wall building was particularly intense in the late Ming period. The wall averages 25 ft (7.6 m) in height and is 15 to 30 ft (4.6–9.1 m) thick at the base, sloping to 12 ft (3.7 m) at the top. Guard stations and watchtowers are placed at regular intervals. The eastern part of the wall is earth and stone faced with brick, but in the west it is merely a tamped earth mound. Successive invasions of China from the north demonstrated that the Great Wall had little military utility. The Ch'ing (Manchu) dynasty (1644–1912) did not use the wall and largely abandoned it. Since 1949 two sections N of Beijing have been reconstructed and are open to visitors.

Bibliography

See A. Waldron, The Great Wall of China (1990); J. Lovell, The Great Wall.

Great Wall of China

runs for 1,400 miles along China’s north and northwest borders. [Chin. Hist.: NCE, 538]

Great Wall of China

a defensive wall in N China, extending from W Gansu to the Gulf of Liaodong: constructed in the 3rd century bc as a defence against the Mongols; substantially rebuilt in the 15th century. Length: over 2400 km (1500 miles). Average height: 6 m (20 ft.). Average width: 6 m (20 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Great Wall of China trek will see fundraisers set off on October 27 to fly from Manchester to Beijing, walking for six consecutive days and returning on November 5.
Paul, pictured on the Great Wall of China, top right, last year, is encouraging others to sign up for this year's trek.
Pam Morgan will run the Great Wall of China in May to raise money for the Macmillan Cancer charity Picture: MARTIN BIRCHALL/:mb200308pammorgan-1
The Great Wall of China is a remarkable structure built by ancient Chinese dynasties.
An example of the beginning of a lesson on one of the walls, (for example a lesson on one of the wall, (for example a lesson on the "Great Wall of China"), the main goal was for elementary students to learn some interesting facts about the Great Wall of China.
After I came home I heard an advert on the radio about a nine-day charity trek along the Great Wall of China.
Victoria Beach, who works for Bache Treharne, is planning to ride 395 kilometres from the Great Wall of China to Tiananmen Square in Beijing later this month.
In the "adventure" category, she listed the Great Wall of China and setting foot on all seven continents.
Almost forgotten, they were listed, like Machu Picchu and the Great Wall of China, by the World Monuments Fund as being among the world's most important endangered great works.
IF the beaches of Antigua don't appeal because you like to be more active - how about walking along the Great Wall of China, or cycling by the Danube?
Articles then describe major events and eras; for example, the volume on China includes articles on the Great Wall of China, the Boxer Rebellion, the warlord period, Chiang Kai-shek and the struggle between the nationalists and the communists, the rape of Nanking, violence in the Cultural Revolution, the Tiananmen Square massacre, damming the Yangtze River, the conflict over Tibet, human rights, China's relations with the U.
Its demand established the first trading routes, financed monumental constructions s uch as the Great Wall of China and has supported empires, wars and revolutions.