Grand Canal

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Grand Canal,

Chinese Da Yunhe [large transit river], longest in the world, extending c.1,000 mi (1,600 km) from Beijing to Hangzhou, E China, and forming an important north-south waterway on the North China Plain. The canal was started in the 6th cent. B.C. and was constructed over a 2,000-year period. Its largest sections were completed in A.D. 610 under Emperor Yang Ti of the Sui dynasty and were built by dredging and linking existing canals. Tree-shaded roads, postal stations, and imperial pavilions were built along the canal. Between the 10th and the early 13th cent. the waterway fell into disrepair. Kublai Khan reconstructed the canal in the 13th cent. and extended it to Beijing. Improvements were made during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). Today the canal follows the Bai River south from Beijing to Tianjin; the 250-mi (412-km) section S of Tianjin ties into the Wei River. Leaving the Wei, the canal runs past Jining and through the elongated lakes of Shandong prov., then past Xuzhou and the lakes of Jiangsu prov. to cross the Chang at Zhenjiang. It runs generally south through the Chang delta, past Wuxi and on to Hangzhou, the southern terminus. The canal is 100 to 200 ft (30–61 m) wide and from 2 to 15 ft (.6–4.6 m) deep. Railroads, roads, and widespread silting have reduced its economic importance, but the canal remains navigable between Jining and Hangzhou and is a busy waterway S of the Chang.

Grand Canal

 

(Chinese, Yün Ho, transport river), a navigable canal, one of the greatest hydrotechnical structures of China. Construction of the Grand Canal, which was based on a number of canals built as early as the sixth century B.C. (mostly in the seventh century A.D.), was completed in the 13th century A.D. It runs from north to south, from near Peking to Hangchou, intersecting the Huang Ho (Yellow), Huai, and Yangtze rivers. It is 1,782 km long (from Tunghsien to Hangchou; different information on the length of the canal is given in different sources). The Grand Canal system also includes natural waterways, such as the Pai River and the Wei-shan Hu lakes. The main ports on the Grand Canal are Yangchou, Suchou, Wuhsi, and Hangchou. The main cargoes are coal, grain, wood, and cotton.

Grand Canal

1. a canal in E China, extending north from Hangzhou to Tianjin: the longest canal in China, now partly silted up; central section, linking the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, finished in 486 bc; north section finished by Kublai Khan between 1282 and 1292. Length: about 1600 km (1000 miles)
2. a canal in Venice, forming the main water thoroughfare: noted for its bridges, the Rialto, and the fine palaces along its banks
References in periodicals archive ?
The canal originated in the mouth of the Qiantang River, where the King of the Wu dug the river to start the war on the Kingdom of Qi 500 BC, the river that his ancestor helped the king to build, the river that became the Great Canal of China a thousand years later.
Scales, now 85, penned the foreword to West's new book, Our Great Canal Journeys: A Lifetime Of Memories On Britain's Most Beautiful Waterways, making reference to her condition.
GREAT CANAL JOURNEYS Channel 4, 8pm In the last of the series, Timothy West and Prunella Scales hop across to Ireland and travel along the Shannon Erne Waterway, a canal linking the North to the South.
I think it is wonderful and the possible link up to the Lake District could create one of the great canal journeys of the UK.
PICK OF THE DAY a celebrity taste of italy Channel 5, 9pm MAYBE it's down to the success of The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel movies and the BBC series they helped to inspire, or perhaps its partly due to Prunella Scales, Timothy West and their Great Canal Journeys, but there currently seems to be a trend for a new type of TV travelogue involving sending some of Britain's veteran celebrities off on holiday together.
Great Canal Journeys: India Channel 4, 8pm After exploring Kerala, national treasures Timothy West and Prunella Scales conclude their trip to India by leaving the canals and heading out into the challenging rarely navigated Brahmaputra river in the far north-east.
HAVING trouble remembering things is, "a bit of a nuisance," says actress Prunella Scales, in delightful English understatement, as she and her husband set off on another one of Channel 4's Great Canal Journeys, this time around Venice.
GREAT CANAL JOURNEYS Channel 4, 8pm Timothy West and Prunella Scales embark on more waterway adventures, beginning 14 miles west of Venice on the Brenta, a river that was first canalised in the 13th century.
Great Canal Journeys Pick of the week C4, 8pm, Wednesday
GREAT CANAL JOURNEYS Channel 4, 8pm Canal lovers Timothy West and Prunella Scales take to the waterways again, this time travelling from Birmingham to Braunston to attend a festival of vintage canal boats.
13 billion yuan, covering the Great Wall, the Great Canal and the Silk Road.