Green party

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Green party,

any of the political parties established in various countries to oppose the destructive environmental effects of many modern technologies and the economic systems and institutions that drive them. Many Green parties also advocate pacifismpacifism,
advocacy of opposition to war through individual or collective action against militarism. Although complete, enduring peace is the goal of all pacifism, the methods of achieving it differ.
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 and strongly support human rightshuman rights,
universal rights held to belong to individuals by virtue of their being human, encompassing civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights and freedoms, and based on the notion of personal human dignity and worth.
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; the parties are typically grassroots leftist in their political orientation.

There are numerous Green parties in Europe. In 2003 the European Federation of Green Parties established the European Green party, in part in order to campaign on a common platform in EU elections; 50 parties are now members of the European Green party. The German Green party, founded in West Germany in 1979, had some political successes in the 1980s and merged with a group from the former East Germany in 1993. In 1994 it outpolled the Free Democrats, previously Germany's third largest party; it again was the third largest party in 1998, when it first entered the government in a sometimes strained coalition with the Social Democrats, and in 2002. In 2005 and 2009, however, it placed fifth, and was not in the government. Green parties in several other European nations have been part of coalition governments including in France (1997–2002, 2012–) and the Irish Republic (2007–11).

A U.S. group has existed since 1973; the Green party of the United States was officially formed in 2001 from the Association of State Green Parties. There are 43 state organizations affiliated with the national confederation. Ralph NaderNader, Ralph
, 1934–, U.S. consumer advocate and political reformer, b. Winsted, Conn. Admitted to the bar in 1958, he practiced law in Connecticut and was a lecturer (1961–63) in history and government at the Univ. of Hartford.
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 was the Green party's presidential candidate in 1996 and 2000, and in the latter election the party garnered the largest vote (2.6%) of any U.S. third party. In subsequent presidential campaigns the party's candidates have been much less successful.

References in periodicals archive ?
The results of the 1990 election were mixed for registered Green parties.
As Green parties around the country began struggling towards a national organisational compact, the debate became bitter and the DSP dug in.
On the basis of this global tour of Green parties, a provisional international manifesto of generic Green-ness is hereby offered as a guide to their cosmology:
The history of social democratic and green parties is one of ultimate absorption to the industrial status quo.
By 2000, many were frustrated at the existence of two national Green Parties in the US.
Prior to the 2000 Presidential election, just over 10 state Green Parties had attained ballot status over a period of a decade.
Debates in 1991 centered around the realo demand that US Greens agree to the creation of state Green Parties that would be independent of any Green movement.
As per the directive of the Massachusetts proposal passed at the Association of State Green Parties Coordinating Committee meeting held in Denver, CO, June 23, 2000, negotiating teams from the Association of State Green Parties and the Greens/Green Party, USA met in Boston, MA, October 1-2, 2000, to discuss issues related to the establishment of a national Green Party.
State Green Parties shall make a good faith effort, where reasonable, to have delegates to the National Committee elected by clusters of local groups.
It would have no delegate at the 2001 international meeting in Australia and would lose representation in the Federation of Green Parties of the Americas.
Two feuding Green Parties is not helping either GPUSA or ASGP.
US Greens are divided between the Greens/Green Party USA (GPUSA), which has a more "fundi" or radical approach; and the more "realo" or conservative Association of State Green Parties (ASGP), which split from the GPUSA in 1996.