Green party


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Green party,

any of the political parties established in various countries to oppose the destructive environmental effects of many modern technologies and the economic systems and institutions that drive them. Many Green parties also advocate pacifismpacifism,
advocacy of opposition to war through individual or collective action against militarism. Although complete, enduring peace is the goal of all pacifism, the methods of achieving it differ.
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 and strongly support human rightshuman rights,
universal rights held to belong to individuals by virtue of their being human, encompassing civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights and freedoms, and based on the notion of personal human dignity and worth.
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; the parties are typically grassroots leftist in their political orientation.

There are numerous Green parties in Europe. In 2003 the European Federation of Green Parties established the European Green party, in part in order to campaign on a common platform in EU elections; 50 parties are now members of the European Green party. The German Green party, founded in West Germany in 1979, had some political successes in the 1980s and merged with a group from the former East Germany in 1993. In 1994 it outpolled the Free Democrats, previously Germany's third largest party; it again was the third largest party in 1998, when it first entered the government in a sometimes strained coalition with the Social Democrats, and in 2002, when it also became part of the governing coalition. Subsequently, it has not been in a national government or placed as high, relatively speaking, though it has continued to win roughly the same number of seats or more. Green parties in several other European nations have been part of coalition governments including in France (1997–2002, 2012–14), the Irish Republic (2007–11), and Iceland (2017–).

A U.S. group has existed since 1973; the Green party of the United States was officially formed in 2001 from the Association of State Green Parties. There are 43 state organizations affiliated with the national confederation. Ralph NaderNader, Ralph
, 1934–, U.S. consumer advocate and political reformer, b. Winsted, Conn. Admitted to the bar in 1958, he practiced law in Connecticut and was a lecturer (1961–63) in history and government at the Univ. of Hartford.
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 was the Green party's presidential candidate in 1996 and 2000, and in the latter election the party garnered the largest vote (2.6%) of any U.S. third party. In subsequent presidential campaigns the party's candidates have been much less successful.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Green Party stands unequivocally opposed to torture and rape and threatening women and girls with violence," said caucus member LuAnne Kozma.
Any impressions that the Green Party has already concluded they will be backing Papadopoulos are mistaken and it is not a given, Perdikis told CNA.
Amelia Womack, deputy leader of the Green Party, appealed to voters across Wales to vote Green, saying: "If I can ask Welsh voters anything it is this: don't just vote for the MP you want, vote for the country you want.
Nationally the Labour Party has ruled out standing aside in Brighton and the Isle of Wight - where the Green Party lead Labour - to prevent the Conservatives taking the seats.
During the 1980s and early 1990s, Green Party conventions in Germany were dominated by fierce infighting between moderate "Realos" (realists) and radical "Fundis" (fundamentalists).
The stakes are high this year because the Green Party of Texas risks losing automatic access to the ballot for 2018 unless it can win at least 5 percent of the vote in one of the seven statewide races they're contesting: the presidency, railroad commissioner, three Supreme Court places and two Court of Criminal Appeals spots.
Nevertheless, Green parties have been observed to be organisationally fragmented since the early period of Green party development (e.
Ms Bennett was elected leader of the Green Party in September 2012 and is standing in the London constituency of Holborn and St Pancras in the upcoming General Election.
THOMAS STEWART, on behalf of Berwick upon Tweed Constituency Green Party
The Green Party seeks positive social change and a more enlightened government that works for the good of all.
The core aim of the Green Party should be the introduction of a population policy.
No one under the age of 55 has had an opportunity to vote on our relationship with Europe and the Green Party believes in democracy.