pea

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pea,

hardy, annual, climbing leguminous plant (Pisum sativum) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), grown for food by humans at least since the early Bronze Age; no longer known in the wild form. It is cultivated everywhere in home gardens and on a large scale commercially for freezing or canning. The round seed, borne in a pod, is a highly nutritious food, having a high protein and fiber content. The pod, too, of the varieties known as sugar peas, can be eaten, and the whole plant is grown for forage; the vines of garden varieties are also used for feeding stock. In New England many gardeners plant them on Apr. 19, the anniversary of the battle of Lexington—hoping to have their first peas by the Fourth of July, when according to traditional use they accompany salmon on the menu. Split peas are obtained from the field pea (var. arvense), grown also for forage and as a green manure. About three quarters of the total world crop of the field pea variety is grown in China; much is used for stock feed. It is believed that peas were long grown only for use as pea meal, dried peas, or forage. Using peas as a green table vegetable began in the late Middle Ages, and the garden varieties were developed subsequently. The garden pea is renowned as the plant with which Gregor Mendel conducted the experiments that initiated the science of genetics. The chickpeachickpea,
annual plant (Cicer arietinum) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), cultivated since antiquity for the somewhat pealike seeds, which are often used as food and forage, principally in India and the Spanish-speaking countries.
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 and the sweet peasweet pea,
annual climbing plant (Lathyrus odoratus) of the family Leguminosae (pulse family), a legume native to S Europe but, since its introduction to horticulture c.1700, widely cultivated for its fragrant flowers.
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 belong to different genera. Peas are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

pea

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(botany)
Pisum sativum. The garden pea, an annual leafy leguminous vine cultivated for its smooth or wrinkled, round edible seeds which are borne in dehiscent pods.
Any of several related or similar cultivated plants.

pea

1. an annual climbing leguminous plant, Pisum sativum, with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds: cultivated in temperate regions
2. 
a. the seed of this plant, eaten as a vegetable
b. (as modifier): #5pea soup
3. any of several other leguminous plants, such as the sweet pea, chickpea, and cowpea
References in periodicals archive ?
Jaskot and Sally Oey, an associate professor of astronomy in the College of Literature, Science and the Arts, have found that the Green Peas could hold that evidence.
I've started with old field peas, originally grown for dried peas, and round seeded green peas as these are tougher and can survive cold better.
PABLO PICASSO'S painting, Dove with Green Peas (1911), was stolen from a Paris museum last Thursday evening.
This is because green peas were selected by farmers to be the food crop and therefore green is more common than yellow, even though green is recessive.
Now's the time to keep your winter fodder vibrant and satisfying by adding plenty of yellow, orange and dark-green vegetables to your favourite dishes so you maximise your intake of alpha-carotene and other beneficial antioxidants, vitamins and minerals: Satisfying soups to keep you warm and healthy - try carrot and orange, sweet potato and onion, pumpkin, green peas and ham, spinach and potato or create your own concoction.
10 cherry tomatoes; A' cup moong sprouts; 2 tbsp chopped tomatoes; 2 tbsp chopped cucumber; 2 tbsp chopped spring onions; A' cup green peas, boiled; 1 tsp ginger, grated; 1 tbsp lemon juice; A' tsp cht (Indian snack) masala; 1 tbsp olive oil; salt to taste
The ready-made dishes included an assortment of vegetables like green peas and cauliflower, next to a delicious lentil paste, a lamb with bone stew, chicken masala, Biryani rice and shrimp in cashew sauce.
Manufactured Products (canned): sweet corn, kidney beans, squash paste, green peas, cucumbers.
The rolls are stuffed with cabbage, carrots, onions, green peas, bean thread, non-GMO tofu, and seasonings for flavor either Original, Thai-Style, or (faux) Chicken-Flavored.
According to rate list issued by Capital Development Authority, Directorate of Municipal Administration (DMA) for the weekly bazaars of capital city, tomato are being sold at Rs 66 per kilogram, lady finger Rs 100 per kg, bitter gourd Rs 80 per kg, green peas Rs 66 per kg, turnip Rs 40 per kg, carrot Rs 30 and brinjal at Rs 16 per kg.
Whimsically funny, Little Green Peas is a delight to read aloud and share with young children.
The green peas are ground to a paste to give this curry a smooth, creamy wholesome quality.