Greenwich

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Greenwich

(grĕn`ĭch), residential town (1990 pop. 58,441), Fairfield co., SW Conn., on the Mianus and Byram rivers and Long Island Sound; settled 1640, inc. 1955. This attractive suburban community is noted as the home of many New York City executives. The town is located near an active and growing business community and contains many corporate headquarters. Greenwich was long inhabited by farmers and oystermen. In the American Revolution it was plundered (1779) by the British; a house (built 1731) from which Gen. Israel Putnam supposedly made a dramatic escape is still preserved. In the late 19th cent., Greenwich began to attract artists and summer residents. Comprised of numerous villages (including Greenwich, Riverside, Quaker Ridge, Old Greenwich, and Cos Cob), it has over 32 mi (52 km) of shoreline on Long Island Sound, with many harbors, beaches, and small islands. Of interest are the Bruce Museum and the Audubon Center.

Greenwich

(grĭn`īj, grĕn`–), inner borough (1991 pop. 200,800) of Greater London, SE England, on the Thames River. The borough, which is treated as an outer borough for statistical purposes, includes most of Woolwich, which was merged with Greenwich in 1965; North Woolwich, on the north side of the Thames, was incorporated into NewhamNewham
, outer borough (1991 pop. 200,200) of Greater London, SE England, on the Thames River. Newham is residential in the northeast. The Royal Docks, which are no longer used commercially, are in the south; the London City Airport is there.
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. In 2012 Greenwich became a royal borough. Manufactures include telephone equipment and underwater cable. The system of geographic longitude and time-keeping worked out at the famous Royal Observatory there have become standard in most countries of the world; the prime meridian, or long. 0°, passes through the observatory. The functions of the observatory were transferred to Herstmonceux, Sussex in 1946, and later to Cambridge (1990). Greenwich has nearly 9 mi (14.5 km) of river frontage; the huge Millennium Dome, constructed to celebrate the year 2000, is on the waterfront. Woolwich's docks and shipbuilding facilities were important from the 16th to the mid-19th cent. The Royal Naval College is in the borough. The college building, partially designed by Christopher WrenWren, Sir Christopher,
1632–1723, English architect. A mathematical prodigy, he studied at Oxford. He was professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, from 1657 to 1661, when he became Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford.
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, was originally a home for disabled sailors. On the site of the present structure (begun in the late 17th cent.) stood a palace that was the birthplace of Henry VIII, Mary I, and Elizabeth I; Edward VI died there. Greenwich's National Maritime Museum is partly housed in a building designed by Inigo Jones for Anne of Denmark. The Royal Military Academy was at Woolwich until 1947, when it merged with the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. Both Greenwich and Woolwich are mentioned in documents dating from the 10th cent. and appear in the Domesday BookDomesday Book
, record of a general census of England made (1085–86) by order of William I (William the Conqueror). The survey ascertained the economic resources of most of the country for purposes of more accurate taxation.
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Greenwich

 

since 1964, a metropolitan district of the borough of Greater London, England. Population, 226,000 (1970). It is famous for its astronomical observatory. The National Naval Museum is located in Greenwich.

Greenwich

a Greater London borough on the Thames: site of a Royal Naval College and of the original Royal Observatory designed by Christopher Wren (1675), accepted internationally as the prime meridian of longitude since 1884, and the basis of Greenwich Mean Time; also site of the Millennium Dome. Pop.: 223 700 (2003 est.). Area: 46 sq. km (18 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Nor is there a universal mandate that requires the "Prime Meridian" to pass through Greenwich, England.
The prime meridian was set at Greenwich, England, and the international dateline in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
Technically, counting forward every 15 degrees from the international meridian in Greenwich, England, should equate to a change of one hour.
The 0[degrees] line goes from pole to pole and runs through Europe [explain that it runs through the town of Greenwich, England, and is known as the prime meridian).
Nor is there a cosmic mandate that the prime meridian pass through Greenwich, England.
to commemorate the advent of the new year in Greenwich, England, and on America's East Coast, then once more just before midnight.
Now, the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich, England, has opened a new exhibition, taking as its theme the wreck as it currently is and the recovery of objects from the seabed.
Some of the top "Real Millennium" holiday hot spots include a celebration where it officially begins -- on the Meridian Line in Greenwich, England -- where the world's largest dome is being built to commemorate the occasion.
A central plot within the story concerns a security breach that allows a competing (and less responsible) organization called Sundial to develop in Greenwich, England.
His plans are maintained in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, England, which has designated him one of the most important designers in the history of the global marine industry.
to coincide with midnight at Greenwich, England, and at 9 p.

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