Gregory of Nazianzus

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Gregory of Nazianzus

 

(Gregory the Theologian). Born around 330, near Nazianzus in Cappadocia. Asia Minor; died there around 390. Greek poet and prose writer. Church figure and religious thinker. One of the most prominent patristic figures.

Gregory of Nazianzus received a brilliant education in rhetoric and philosophy, which was crowned by language study in an institution of higher learning in Athens, where he became a friend of Basil the Great. In 379 he was summoned by the orthodox community to the episcopate in Constantinople, in order to contribute to the struggle against Arianism, and in 381 he presided at the Second Ecumenical Council. However, also in 381, in a situation marked by turmoil and intrigue, he resigned his episcopal office and returned to his homeland. As a theologian Gregory of Nazianzus was a member of the so-called Cappadocian circle, which included Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa. The circle introduced the methods of Platonic idealistic dialectics into theology.

Gregory of Nazianzus’ greatest prose achievements were his funeral panegyrics to his father and Basil the Great. His lyric poetry is distinguished by an intimate and varied intonation. The autobiographical poems On My Life, On My Fate, and On My Sufferings, with their psychological profundity and standard of self-analysis, are on a par with St. Augustine’s Confessions.

WORKS

Briefe. Edited by P. Gallay. Berlin, 1969.
Tvoreniia, vols. 1–6. Moscow, 1844–68.
Pamiatniki vizantiiskoi literatury 4–9 vekov. Moscow, 1968. Pages 70–83.

REFERENCE

Istoriia Vizantii, vol. 1. Moscow, 1967. Pages 417–19.

S. S. AVERINTSEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Most often he quotes Cyril of Alexandria, Gregory Nazianzus, and Nicholas Cabasilas, and engages with contemporary Orthodox theologians such as Schmemann or Paul Evdokimov.
Additional complexity arose with Evagrius and Gregory Nazianzus, who emphasized how tripartite depiction applies to both healthy and degenerative political and ascetic life, thus recuperating Aristotle's "surely correct interpretation" of Platonic degenerative tripartition as a bipartition into rational and passible.
Augustine, but also the Cappadocians, Saint Basil the Great, Gregory Nazianzus, Gregory of Nyssa, St.
Catholicism has embraced the theology of Athanasius and Cyril of Jerusalem alike, of Gregory Nazianzus and Augustine, of Thomas Aquinas and Bonaventure, of Robert Bellarmine and Johann Adam Mohler, of Karl Rahner and Hans Urs von Balthasar, yes, even of Hans Kung and Joseph Ratzinger.
Additional complexity arose with Evagrius and Gregory Nazianzus, who applied tripartite depiction to both healthy and degenerative political and ascetic life, thus recuperating Aristotle's "surely correct interpretation" of Platonic degenerative tripartition as a bipartition into rational and passable A transition to Plotinus is F.
His admirers Basil and Gregory Nazianzus (who dubbed him "The Stone that sharpens us all," a common patristic image of Christ Himself) sought to popularise him via an anthology
Basil was already suspect for not aggressively shouting the divinity of the Spirit from the housetops, as Gregory Nazianzus wanted him to.
In the words of Gregory Nazianzus, the Spirit is "not a rival God.
Before him Clement and afterwards Gregory Nazianzus and Gregory of Nyssa argued in the same direction.