Gregory XVI


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Gregory XVI,

1765–1846, pope (1831–46), an Italian named Bartolomeo Alberto Capellari, b. Belluno; successor of Pius VIII. In 1783 he became a Camaldolite and was (1825) created cardinal. Gregory was a conservative both in politics and theology, and he was continually opposed by liberals throughout Europe. His most famous act was the condemnation of Father LamennaisLamennais or La Mennais, Félicité Robert de
, 1782–1854, French Roman Catholic apologist and liberal, b. Saint-Malo. He was largely self-educated by wide, indiscriminate reading.
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 with the encyclical Mirari vos (1832). In 1831 the CarbonariCarbonari
[Ital.,=charcoal burners], members of a secret society that flourished in Italy, Spain, and France early in the 19th cent. Possibly derived from Freemasonry, the society originated in the kingdom of Naples in the reign of Murat (1808–15) and drew its members from
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 outbreaks spread to Rome, and only Austrian help suppressed them. He nearly came to an open break over anticlerical legislation in Spain and Portugal, and he had a long controversy with Prussia. Gregory was actively interested in propagating the faith in England and the United States. He was succeeded by Pius IXPius IX,
1792–1878, pope (1846–78), an Italian named Giovanni M. Mastai-Ferretti, b. Senigallia; successor of Gregory XVI. He was cardinal and bishop of Imola when elected pope.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vatican II's affirmation of the sacredness of freedom in religious matters is a repudiation (correction, "development," or whatever word you choose) of a position quite contrary to the teachings of Pope Gregory XVI and Pope Pius IX.
Gregory XVI, not one to mince words, pronounced Lamennais a "deranged madman.
The saint's bones were donated by Pope Gregory XVI and brought to the church by a priest called Father Spratt in 1835.
Gregory XVI (Mirari vos) and Pius IX (Quanta cura) condemned the forces of rationalism, skepticism, and liberalism, and Leo XIII (Aeterni Patris) sought to curtail theologians' injudicious engagement of Enlightenment thought by insisting on the use of Thomistic philosophy and theology in all Catholic seminaries and institutions of higher learning.
In 1839 Pope Gregory XVI had issued the Constitution In Supremo which condemned slavery in very strong language.
Pope Gregory XVI agreed to the division, and Bishop Bourget and Father Power were sent to London to obtain assent from the British government for the proposed arrangements.
so often saw Catholics as a threat to their civil liberties, they quote Popes Gregory XVI and Pius IX arguing against liberty of conscience and the separation of church and state and for the establishment of Catholicism.
On December 3, 1839, Pope Gregory XVI promulgated his brief apostolic letter In supremo apostolatus, in which he condemned all involvement in the slave trade.
Part 4, "The Mourning," jumps from the 16th century to late modernity: Gregory XVI, Pius IX, the Modernist Crisis, and the Vatican Council.
The first eight chapters of this book are devoted to the four popes studied: Gregory XVI, Pius IX, Leo XIII, and Pius X.
The next edition of the Index of Prohibited Books was published by Gregory XVI in 1835, and in that Index the Copernican prohibition no longer appeared.