Grignard, François Auguste Victor

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Grignard, François Auguste Victor

 

Born May 6. 1871, in Cherbourg; died Dec. 13. 1935, in Lyon. French organic chemist. Member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1926).

Grignard taught at the University of Nancy, becoming a professor in 1909. In 1900, together with his teacher, P. Bar-bier, Grignard obtained a solution of etherates of mixed magnesium-halogen-organic compounds and used these compounds in synthesizing many classes of organic compounds. The new method soon became widespread in chemical practice (Grignard reaction). Grignard devoted much attention to working out the nomenclature of organic compounds. He was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1912 (jointly with P. Sabatier).

WORKS

Sur Les Combinaisons organomagnésiennes mixtes et leur application à des svnthèses d’acides, d’alcools, et d’hydrocarbures. Lyon, 1901.
“Le Magnésium en chimie organique.” Bulletin de la Société chimique de France. 1913. vol. 13.
Traité de chimie organique, vols. 1–23. Paris. 1935–54.

REFERENCES

“Viktor Grin’iar. 1871–1935” (obituary). Vspekhi khimii. 1936. vol. 5. issue 1.
Courtot, C. “Notice sur la vie et les travaux de Victor Grignard (1871–1935).” Bulletin de la Société chimique de France, 1936, vol. 3. nos. 8–9. (Contains list of Grignard’s works.)